Risk Factors and Complications of Acute Ischaemic Stroke Patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM)

Bin Basri Hamidon, Raymond Azman Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Malaysia, there is limited information on the mortality and morbidity after an acute stroke in hospitalised patients. The objective of the study was to identify the type, time of onset, and frequency of medical and neurological complications following an acute ischaemic stroke. Consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke who were admitted to Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia from June 2000 to January 2001 were observed. The complication rate was 20.9%. The most common individual complication was pneumonia (12.3%) followed by septicaemia (11.0%), urinary tract infection (4.3%), and upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (3.7%). The overall mean length of stay was 7.48 days. The independent risk factors for complications were diabetes mellitus (OR 2.87%, 95%CI 1.06 to 7.78), middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarcts (OR 10.0; 95%CI 4.1 to 24.3), and Glasgow coma score (GCS) less than 9(OR 3.8; 95%CI 1.03 to 14.3). Infection was the commonest complication observed. Patients with diabetes mellitus, poor GCS and large MCA infarcts had a higher risk of developing complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-505
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume58
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Stroke
Middle Cerebral Artery
Coma
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Diabetes Complications
Urinary Tract Infections
Length of Stay
Sepsis
Pneumonia
Diabetes Mellitus
Morbidity
Mortality
Infection

Keywords

  • Ischaemic stroke
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Risk Factors and Complications of Acute Ischaemic Stroke Patients at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM). / Hamidon, Bin Basri; Ali, Raymond Azman.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 58, No. 4, 10.2003, p. 499-505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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