Review on microstructure modelling of a gas diffusion layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A gas diffusion layer (GDL) is the key component in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), where transportation of reactants and oxidants to electrodes and removal of water from the cell occur. Accurate prediction of the effective transport properties of GDL is important in understanding its effects on PEMFC performance. However, prediction of GDL behavior is challenging because of the complex geometries involved. Hence, microstructure modelling of GDL is highly beneficial in this condition. This article reviews numerous research endeavors that focused on GDL modelling and the parameters that affect the GDL microstructure. This review aims to understand how each parameter affected the GDL performance. The highlighted parameters in this article are fiber diameter, GDL thickness, porosity, and the effect of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 30 Sep 2015

Fingerprint

Diffusion in gases
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Microstructure
Oxidants
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Transport properties
Porosity
Electrodes
Geometry
Fibers

Keywords

  • Fuel cell
  • Gas diffusion layer
  • Microstructure modelling
  • Porosity
  • PTFE
  • Thickness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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title = "Review on microstructure modelling of a gas diffusion layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells",
abstract = "A gas diffusion layer (GDL) is the key component in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), where transportation of reactants and oxidants to electrodes and removal of water from the cell occur. Accurate prediction of the effective transport properties of GDL is important in understanding its effects on PEMFC performance. However, prediction of GDL behavior is challenging because of the complex geometries involved. Hence, microstructure modelling of GDL is highly beneficial in this condition. This article reviews numerous research endeavors that focused on GDL modelling and the parameters that affect the GDL microstructure. This review aims to understand how each parameter affected the GDL performance. The highlighted parameters in this article are fiber diameter, GDL thickness, porosity, and the effect of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).",
keywords = "Fuel cell, Gas diffusion layer, Microstructure modelling, Porosity, PTFE, Thickness",
author = "Fadzillah, {D. M.} and Rosli, {Masli Irwan} and {Meor Talib}, {Meor Zainal} and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli}",
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T1 - Review on microstructure modelling of a gas diffusion layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

AU - Fadzillah, D. M.

AU - Rosli, Masli Irwan

AU - Meor Talib, Meor Zainal

AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

PY - 2015/9/30

Y1 - 2015/9/30

N2 - A gas diffusion layer (GDL) is the key component in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), where transportation of reactants and oxidants to electrodes and removal of water from the cell occur. Accurate prediction of the effective transport properties of GDL is important in understanding its effects on PEMFC performance. However, prediction of GDL behavior is challenging because of the complex geometries involved. Hence, microstructure modelling of GDL is highly beneficial in this condition. This article reviews numerous research endeavors that focused on GDL modelling and the parameters that affect the GDL microstructure. This review aims to understand how each parameter affected the GDL performance. The highlighted parameters in this article are fiber diameter, GDL thickness, porosity, and the effect of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

AB - A gas diffusion layer (GDL) is the key component in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), where transportation of reactants and oxidants to electrodes and removal of water from the cell occur. Accurate prediction of the effective transport properties of GDL is important in understanding its effects on PEMFC performance. However, prediction of GDL behavior is challenging because of the complex geometries involved. Hence, microstructure modelling of GDL is highly beneficial in this condition. This article reviews numerous research endeavors that focused on GDL modelling and the parameters that affect the GDL microstructure. This review aims to understand how each parameter affected the GDL performance. The highlighted parameters in this article are fiber diameter, GDL thickness, porosity, and the effect of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

KW - Fuel cell

KW - Gas diffusion layer

KW - Microstructure modelling

KW - Porosity

KW - PTFE

KW - Thickness

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