Review of solar dryers for agricultural and marine products

Ahmad Fudholi, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Mohd Hafidz Ruslan, M. A. Alghoul, M. Y. Sulaiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

163 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drying for agricultural and marine products are one of the most attractive and cost-effective application of solar energy. Numerous types of solar dryers have been designed and developed in various parts of the world, yielding varying degrees of technical performance. Basically, there are four types of solar dryers; (1) direct solar dryers, (2) indirect solar dryers, (3) mixed-mode dryers and (4) hybrid solar dryers. This paper is a review of these types of solar dryers with aspect to the product being dried, technical and economical aspects. The technical directions in the development of solar-assisted drying systems for agricultural produce are compact collector design, high efficiency, integrated storage, and long-life drying system. Air-based solar collectors are not the only available systems. Water-based collectors can also be used whereby water to air heat exchanger can be used. The hot air for drying of agricultural produce can be forced to flow in the water to air heat exchanger. The hot water tank acts as heat storage of the solar drying system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

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Solar dryers
Drying
Air
Heat exchangers
Water
Water tanks
Heat storage
Solar collectors
Solar energy

Keywords

  • Active dryers
  • Agricultural and marine products
  • Hybrid solar dryers
  • Passive dryers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Review of solar dryers for agricultural and marine products. / Fudholi, Ahmad; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Ruslan, Mohd Hafidz; Alghoul, M. A.; Sulaiman, M. Y.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 1-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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