Response surface methodological analysis for the optimization of acid-catalyzed transesterification biodiesel wastewater pre-treatment using coagulation–flocculation process

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel wastewater is known as one of the most highly polluted wastewaters with high organic load, high amount of oils and fat contents and other compound such as chloride. The aim of this study is to optimize the coagulation–flocculation process prior to pre-treat biodiesel wastewater. This paper reports the optimal process conditions which were obtained using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) analysis. This study was done using jar test apparatus. The Box–Behnken design was demonstrated beforehand to optimize this process. The investigated operating variables were coagulant dosage, initial pH, rapid mixing rate and contact time. The optimal process conditions obtained were alum dosage of 2 g/L, initial pH of 7.13, rapid mixing rate of 200 rpm and settling time of 65 min. From the validation test conducted, the results were in reasonable agreement with the modeled values. The coagulant used in this study managed to reduce the COD, SS and turbidity contents by 34.5, 39.0 and 32.0%. respectively. Optimization of coagulation–flocculation can be done using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) analysis and this proving that coagulation is capable of pre-treating biodiesel wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Transesterification
Surface analysis
Biodiesel
Wastewater
wastewater
Coagulants
Acids
acid
Turbidity
Coagulation
Oils and fats
coagulation
fat
turbidity
Chlorides
chloride
analysis
oil
dosage

Keywords

  • Alum coagulant
  • Biodiesel
  • Box–Behnken design
  • Jar test
  • Optimization
  • Response Surface Methodology (RSM) method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

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title = "Response surface methodological analysis for the optimization of acid-catalyzed transesterification biodiesel wastewater pre-treatment using coagulation–flocculation process",
abstract = "Biodiesel wastewater is known as one of the most highly polluted wastewaters with high organic load, high amount of oils and fat contents and other compound such as chloride. The aim of this study is to optimize the coagulation–flocculation process prior to pre-treat biodiesel wastewater. This paper reports the optimal process conditions which were obtained using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) analysis. This study was done using jar test apparatus. The Box–Behnken design was demonstrated beforehand to optimize this process. The investigated operating variables were coagulant dosage, initial pH, rapid mixing rate and contact time. The optimal process conditions obtained were alum dosage of 2 g/L, initial pH of 7.13, rapid mixing rate of 200 rpm and settling time of 65 min. From the validation test conducted, the results were in reasonable agreement with the modeled values. The coagulant used in this study managed to reduce the COD, SS and turbidity contents by 34.5, 39.0 and 32.0{\%}. respectively. Optimization of coagulation–flocculation can be done using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) analysis and this proving that coagulation is capable of pre-treating biodiesel wastewater.",
keywords = "Alum coagulant, Biodiesel, Box–Behnken design, Jar test, Optimization, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) method",
author = "Daud, {Nurull Muna} and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and {Abu Hasan}, Hassimi",
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AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Abu Hasan, Hassimi

PY - 2018/1/1

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AB - Biodiesel wastewater is known as one of the most highly polluted wastewaters with high organic load, high amount of oils and fat contents and other compound such as chloride. The aim of this study is to optimize the coagulation–flocculation process prior to pre-treat biodiesel wastewater. This paper reports the optimal process conditions which were obtained using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) analysis. This study was done using jar test apparatus. The Box–Behnken design was demonstrated beforehand to optimize this process. The investigated operating variables were coagulant dosage, initial pH, rapid mixing rate and contact time. The optimal process conditions obtained were alum dosage of 2 g/L, initial pH of 7.13, rapid mixing rate of 200 rpm and settling time of 65 min. From the validation test conducted, the results were in reasonable agreement with the modeled values. The coagulant used in this study managed to reduce the COD, SS and turbidity contents by 34.5, 39.0 and 32.0%. respectively. Optimization of coagulation–flocculation can be done using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) analysis and this proving that coagulation is capable of pre-treating biodiesel wastewater.

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