Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function among male steel workers in Terengganu, Malaysia

A. H. Nurul, M. T. Shamsul Bahri, Noor Hassim Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cross sectional study was carried out to determine the relationship between dust exposure and pulmonary function in male steel workers in Terengganu, Malaysia. The investigation included spirometric testing and detailed personal interviews using a structured questionnaire adopted from British Medical Research Council (BRMC) Questionnaire on respiratory symptoms. Respiratory symptoms commonly reported by the male workers were morning phlegm (33.1%), shortness of breath (31.9%), chest tightness (30.4%), and morning cough (17.8%). Age and duration of employment were among the factors associated with respiratory symptoms (p<0.05 and p<0.001 respectively). Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1) was significantly reduced when compared to the healthy population. There was a significant decrease of FEV1 between before and after work shift (t= 3.582, p<0.001). Smoking status, age, and duration of employment were also associated with reduction of pulmonary function (p<0.01).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Steel
Malaysia
Forced Expiratory Volume
Lung
Dust
Cough
Dyspnea
Biomedical Research
Thorax
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Interviews
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Metal dust
  • Occupational respiratory diseases
  • Pulmonary function
  • Respiratory symptoms
  • Steel workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function among male steel workers in Terengganu, Malaysia. / Nurul, A. H.; Shamsul Bahri, M. T.; Ismail, Noor Hassim.

In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2014, p. 10-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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