Resource partitioning in rhinolophoid bats revisited

T. Kingston, G. Jones, Zubaid Akbar Mukhtar Ahmad, T. H. Kunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the ecomorphological structure of a guild of rhinolophoid bats in a Malaysian rainforest first described by Heller and von Helversen (1989). These authors found that the distribution of echolocation call frequencies used by 12 syntopic species was more even than expected from allometric relationships or in randomly generated communities, and that the observed minimal ratio was greater than expected by chance alone. In this study we were able to expand their guild to 15 species, but in doing so it became apparent that call frequencies might be less evenly distributed across the total frequency range than previously proposed. We replicated Heller and von Helversen's (1989) analyses with the full 15-species complement but were unable to support their suggestion that rhinolophoid bats exhibit resource partitioning through differences in frequency bands. We adopted a multivariate approach and incorporated measures of body size and wing morphology into the analysis. We used phylogenetic autocorrelation to ensure that the species were statistically independent and principal component analysis to describe the morphological space occupied by the 15 species in the community and four additional species representing the extremes of phenotypic variation. We derived interspecific Euclidean distances and tested the mean values and SDs of these distances against those of 100 guilds of 'synthetic' species created randomly within the principal component space. The guild of Rhinolophoidea was not distributed randomly in multivariate space. Instead we found evidence of morphologicai overdispersion of the most similar species, which suggests niche differentiation in response to competition. Less similar species were nearer in morphological space than expected, and we suggest this is a consequence of ecological constraints on parameter combinations. Despite this underdispersion, many of the more distant neighbours were evenly rather than randomly spaced or clumped in morphospace, suggesting that, given the environmental constraints on morphology, species in this guild do experience limits to their similarity. Finally, we tested the influence of the relative abundance of species on morphological displacement, and found no evidence that abundant, spatially correlated species reduce interspecific overlap in morphological space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-342
Number of pages11
JournalOecologia
Volume124
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000

Fingerprint

niche partitioning
bat
Chiroptera
guild
autocorrelation
phenotypic variation
rain forests
environmental impact
complement
principal component analysis
niches
body size
phylogeny
wing morphology
echolocation
environmental constraint
rainforest
niche
relative abundance

Keywords

  • Community structure
  • Echolocation
  • Hipposideros
  • Rhinolophus
  • Wing morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Kingston, T., Jones, G., Mukhtar Ahmad, Z. A., & Kunz, T. H. (2000). Resource partitioning in rhinolophoid bats revisited. Oecologia, 124(3), 332-342.

Resource partitioning in rhinolophoid bats revisited. / Kingston, T.; Jones, G.; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar; Kunz, T. H.

In: Oecologia, Vol. 124, No. 3, 08.2000, p. 332-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kingston, T, Jones, G, Mukhtar Ahmad, ZA & Kunz, TH 2000, 'Resource partitioning in rhinolophoid bats revisited', Oecologia, vol. 124, no. 3, pp. 332-342.
Kingston T, Jones G, Mukhtar Ahmad ZA, Kunz TH. Resource partitioning in rhinolophoid bats revisited. Oecologia. 2000 Aug;124(3):332-342.
Kingston, T. ; Jones, G. ; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar ; Kunz, T. H. / Resource partitioning in rhinolophoid bats revisited. In: Oecologia. 2000 ; Vol. 124, No. 3. pp. 332-342.
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