Research and development efforts on texturization to reduce the optical losses at front surface of silicon solar cell

M. F. Abdullah, M. A. Alghoul, Hameed Naser, Nilofar Asim, Shideh Ahmadi, Baharudin Yatim, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon wafer-based solar cell contributes to about 92% of the total production of photovoltaic cells. An average of 30% of the incident light is lost via reflection from the front surface of the silicon solar cell, thus reducing the cell's power conversion efficiency. Texturization is a process of producing the desired unevenness on the surface of solar cell. It is well known as a practical solution to the limitation. Front surface texture reduces cell reflectivity and contributes to more photocurrent generation within active materials. The research and development efforts to reduce the optical losses via texturization are reviewed in this paper. The mechanisms of optical loss reduction, desirable texture feature, methods of texturization, side effects of texturization, and its compatibility with other optical enhancements for crystal silicon cell are elaborated upon. Front surface texture is associated with minimizing optical loss, and negatively affecting carrier and electrical losses. The importance of texturization for crystalline silicon is briefly related with thin film amorphous silicon solar cell to fully encompass this topic. Lesson learned and conclusion is highlighted in the last section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-398
Number of pages19
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

Optical losses
Silicon solar cells
Textures
Solar cells
Silicon
Photovoltaic cells
Amorphous silicon
Photocurrents
Silicon wafers
Conversion efficiency
Crystalline materials
Thin films
Crystals

Keywords

  • Optical loss reduction
  • Power conversion efficiency
  • Role of texturization
  • Side effect of texturization
  • Silicon solar cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Research and development efforts on texturization to reduce the optical losses at front surface of silicon solar cell. / Abdullah, M. F.; Alghoul, M. A.; Naser, Hameed; Asim, Nilofar; Ahmadi, Shideh; Yatim, Baharudin; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 66, 01.12.2016, p. 380-398.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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