Research and development aspects of pico-hydro power

A. A. Lahimer, M. A. Alghoul, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Nowshad Amin, Nilofar Asim, M. I. Fadhel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intensive explorations of different alternatives and renewable energy resources are currently being conducted worldwide. Pico-hydro power is at the forefront of these options because it is considered as the most cost-effective renewable energy option to provide electricity for rural areas, and to enable energy to be derived from extremely low head and flow streams of 1 m and 1 L/s, respectively. This review discusses the research and development aspects of pico-hydro and the factors influencing the success of the pico-hydro scheme in rural areas. These factors are also likely to increase the demand for pico in a rural energy market. This paper concurs with the view held by many researchers and experts that customs duty imposed on pico-hydro components is a major obstacle to the dissemination of renewable energy because it raises original cost by up to 40%. The future of the pico-hydro market looks prosperous because there is substantial availability of low head and flow hydroelectric sites in less developed countries. In the future, technology can play a crucial role in the lighting of houses in remote communities, with the energy source derived from domestic water supply.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5861-5878
Number of pages18
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Renewable energy resources
Water supply
Costs
Electricity
Lighting
Availability

Keywords

  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Hazards and safety
  • Installation
  • Pico market and demand
  • Pico users
  • PicoHydro

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Research and development aspects of pico-hydro power. / Lahimer, A. A.; Alghoul, M. A.; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Amin, Nowshad; Asim, Nilofar; Fadhel, M. I.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 8, 10.2012, p. 5861-5878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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