Reproductive phenology of two rhizophora species in Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve, Johor, Malaysia

Z. Nordatul Akmar, Wan Juliana Wan Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reproductive phenology of two mangrove tree species, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata, were observed monthly for one complete annual cycle from March 2010 until February 2011 at Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve (FR). The objectives of this study were to identify and compare the reproductive phenological patterns of the two species, to determine the duration of flowering and fruiting development, to investigate the percentage of successfulness for each species, and to look at the relationship between rainfall and temperature with reproductive phenological patterns of the two Rhizophora species. Results revealed that both species produced all reproductive units (flower bud, open flower, and fruit) throughout the study period. The flower bud season for R. apiculata was from November until May whilst R. mucronata was from November until April. The flowering season was from June until August for R. apiculata and January until May for R. mucronata. The fruiting season of R. apiculata was from July until January while March until May for R. mucronata. Development from young flower buds to mature propagules took about 14 to 16 months in R. apiculata. Results showed that 7.3% flower buds of R. apiculata gave rise to open flowers and only 1.4% were fertilized. The production of R. mucronata flower buds was significantly (p< 0.05) inversely correlated with the total monthly rainfall and its fruits production was positively correlated with the mean temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
JournalMalaysian Applied Biology
Volume41
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Rhizophoraceae
Rhizophora apiculata
Rhizophora
Rhizophora mucronata
forest reserves
Malaysia
phenology
buds
fruiting
Fruit
flowering
rain
flowers
Temperature
Forests
temperature
fruits
duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Reproductive phenology of two rhizophora species in Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve, Johor, Malaysia. / Nordatul Akmar, Z.; Wan Ahmad, Wan Juliana.

In: Malaysian Applied Biology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 06.2012, p. 11-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bbfb62f2aef94639985ce7da19a01058,
title = "Reproductive phenology of two rhizophora species in Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve, Johor, Malaysia",
abstract = "The reproductive phenology of two mangrove tree species, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata, were observed monthly for one complete annual cycle from March 2010 until February 2011 at Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve (FR). The objectives of this study were to identify and compare the reproductive phenological patterns of the two species, to determine the duration of flowering and fruiting development, to investigate the percentage of successfulness for each species, and to look at the relationship between rainfall and temperature with reproductive phenological patterns of the two Rhizophora species. Results revealed that both species produced all reproductive units (flower bud, open flower, and fruit) throughout the study period. The flower bud season for R. apiculata was from November until May whilst R. mucronata was from November until April. The flowering season was from June until August for R. apiculata and January until May for R. mucronata. The fruiting season of R. apiculata was from July until January while March until May for R. mucronata. Development from young flower buds to mature propagules took about 14 to 16 months in R. apiculata. Results showed that 7.3{\%} flower buds of R. apiculata gave rise to open flowers and only 1.4{\%} were fertilized. The production of R. mucronata flower buds was significantly (p< 0.05) inversely correlated with the total monthly rainfall and its fruits production was positively correlated with the mean temperature.",
author = "{Nordatul Akmar}, Z. and {Wan Ahmad}, {Wan Juliana}",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "11--21",
journal = "Malaysian Applied Biology",
issn = "0126-8643",
publisher = "Malaysian Society of Applied Biology",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reproductive phenology of two rhizophora species in Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve, Johor, Malaysia

AU - Nordatul Akmar, Z.

AU - Wan Ahmad, Wan Juliana

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - The reproductive phenology of two mangrove tree species, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata, were observed monthly for one complete annual cycle from March 2010 until February 2011 at Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve (FR). The objectives of this study were to identify and compare the reproductive phenological patterns of the two species, to determine the duration of flowering and fruiting development, to investigate the percentage of successfulness for each species, and to look at the relationship between rainfall and temperature with reproductive phenological patterns of the two Rhizophora species. Results revealed that both species produced all reproductive units (flower bud, open flower, and fruit) throughout the study period. The flower bud season for R. apiculata was from November until May whilst R. mucronata was from November until April. The flowering season was from June until August for R. apiculata and January until May for R. mucronata. The fruiting season of R. apiculata was from July until January while March until May for R. mucronata. Development from young flower buds to mature propagules took about 14 to 16 months in R. apiculata. Results showed that 7.3% flower buds of R. apiculata gave rise to open flowers and only 1.4% were fertilized. The production of R. mucronata flower buds was significantly (p< 0.05) inversely correlated with the total monthly rainfall and its fruits production was positively correlated with the mean temperature.

AB - The reproductive phenology of two mangrove tree species, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata, were observed monthly for one complete annual cycle from March 2010 until February 2011 at Sungai Pulai Forest Reserve (FR). The objectives of this study were to identify and compare the reproductive phenological patterns of the two species, to determine the duration of flowering and fruiting development, to investigate the percentage of successfulness for each species, and to look at the relationship between rainfall and temperature with reproductive phenological patterns of the two Rhizophora species. Results revealed that both species produced all reproductive units (flower bud, open flower, and fruit) throughout the study period. The flower bud season for R. apiculata was from November until May whilst R. mucronata was from November until April. The flowering season was from June until August for R. apiculata and January until May for R. mucronata. The fruiting season of R. apiculata was from July until January while March until May for R. mucronata. Development from young flower buds to mature propagules took about 14 to 16 months in R. apiculata. Results showed that 7.3% flower buds of R. apiculata gave rise to open flowers and only 1.4% were fertilized. The production of R. mucronata flower buds was significantly (p< 0.05) inversely correlated with the total monthly rainfall and its fruits production was positively correlated with the mean temperature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84871358134&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84871358134&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 11

EP - 21

JO - Malaysian Applied Biology

JF - Malaysian Applied Biology

SN - 0126-8643

IS - 1

ER -