Removal of organic pollutants and decolorization of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mill by adsorption using chemically treated oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Treatment of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mills using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers as an adsorbent was conducted to remove color and organic pollutants. Empty fruit bunch fibers were chemically modified with polyethylenimine to enhance the adsorption capacity toward anionic species in the effluents. Effluents from the primary clarifier and aerated treatment pond were treated, and the performance of the adsorbent was investigated in terms of decolorization, total organic carbon, and oxygen demand level. Increasing adsorbent dosage and lower pH resulted in greater adsorption performance. The highest decolorization and reduction of total organic carbon of the effluents were 95.0% and 58.2%, respectively. The adsorption equilibrium can be achieved after 4 h of the adsorption process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4517-4527
Number of pages11
JournalBioResources
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Organic pollutants
Paper and pulp mills
bleaching
Bleaching
Fruits
organic pollutant
Effluents
mill
fruit
Adsorbents
effluent
adsorption
Adsorption
Fibers
oil
Organic carbon
total organic carbon
Polyethyleneimine
Ponds

Keywords

  • Decolorization
  • Kinetics
  • Low cost adsorbent
  • Mill effluents
  • Organic pollutant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

@article{3f324ce0b89a4d1594fb5ecbf1b8adf5,
title = "Removal of organic pollutants and decolorization of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mill by adsorption using chemically treated oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers",
abstract = "Treatment of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mills using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers as an adsorbent was conducted to remove color and organic pollutants. Empty fruit bunch fibers were chemically modified with polyethylenimine to enhance the adsorption capacity toward anionic species in the effluents. Effluents from the primary clarifier and aerated treatment pond were treated, and the performance of the adsorbent was investigated in terms of decolorization, total organic carbon, and oxygen demand level. Increasing adsorbent dosage and lower pH resulted in greater adsorption performance. The highest decolorization and reduction of total organic carbon of the effluents were 95.0{\%} and 58.2{\%}, respectively. The adsorption equilibrium can be achieved after 4 h of the adsorption process.",
keywords = "Decolorization, Kinetics, Low cost adsorbent, Mill effluents, Organic pollutant",
author = "{Mohd Shaiful}, Sajab and Chia, {Chin Hua} and Sarani Zakaria and Mika Sillanp{\"a}{\"a}",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "4517--4527",
journal = "BioResources",
issn = "1930-2126",
publisher = "North Carolina University",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Removal of organic pollutants and decolorization of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mill by adsorption using chemically treated oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers

AU - Mohd Shaiful, Sajab

AU - Chia, Chin Hua

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Sillanpää, Mika

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Treatment of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mills using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers as an adsorbent was conducted to remove color and organic pollutants. Empty fruit bunch fibers were chemically modified with polyethylenimine to enhance the adsorption capacity toward anionic species in the effluents. Effluents from the primary clarifier and aerated treatment pond were treated, and the performance of the adsorbent was investigated in terms of decolorization, total organic carbon, and oxygen demand level. Increasing adsorbent dosage and lower pH resulted in greater adsorption performance. The highest decolorization and reduction of total organic carbon of the effluents were 95.0% and 58.2%, respectively. The adsorption equilibrium can be achieved after 4 h of the adsorption process.

AB - Treatment of bleaching effluents from pulp and paper mills using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers as an adsorbent was conducted to remove color and organic pollutants. Empty fruit bunch fibers were chemically modified with polyethylenimine to enhance the adsorption capacity toward anionic species in the effluents. Effluents from the primary clarifier and aerated treatment pond were treated, and the performance of the adsorbent was investigated in terms of decolorization, total organic carbon, and oxygen demand level. Increasing adsorbent dosage and lower pH resulted in greater adsorption performance. The highest decolorization and reduction of total organic carbon of the effluents were 95.0% and 58.2%, respectively. The adsorption equilibrium can be achieved after 4 h of the adsorption process.

KW - Decolorization

KW - Kinetics

KW - Low cost adsorbent

KW - Mill effluents

KW - Organic pollutant

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84928564697&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84928564697&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 4517

EP - 4527

JO - BioResources

JF - BioResources

SN - 1930-2126

IS - 3

ER -