Reliability and validity of the Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease questionnaire in Malay language for Malaysian older adult with dementia

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Abstract

The Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (QOL-AD) questionnaire is a reliable, valid and popular outcome measure in dementia related studies. However, to date there is no published report on adopted version of QOL-AD in Malay language. Thus this preliminary study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the QOL-AD in Malay language for patients with dementia and to examine the level of agreement between patient-caregiver as a proxy reports on patient's quality of life. A total of 65 patients with mild to moderate dementia and their caregivers were recruited from the psycho-geriatric clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre using a cross sectional study design. The QOL-AD was translated into Malay language using the standard guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of measure. The patient-caregiver dyads completed the QOL-AD in Malay language separately. Test-retest and internal consistency was evaluated for reliability and construct validity was tested with principal component factor analysis. The reliability of QOL-AD in Malay language was good with Cronbach alpha coefficients of 0.82 and 0.79 and intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.77 and 0.89 for patients and caregivers report respectively. Meanwhile a positive moderate agreement was achieved between patient and caregiver rating (r=0.60, p < 0.01). The principal component factor analysis extracted 4 factors for both patient and caregiver reports which explained 66.02% (patients' report) and 64.24% (caregivers' report) of the total variance of the scale. As a conclusion, the QOL-AD in Malay language is a reliable and valid tool to measure the quality of life of people with mild to moderate dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Reproducibility of Results
Dementia
Alzheimer Disease
Language
Quality of Life
Caregivers
Principal Component Analysis
Statistical Factor Analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires
Malaysia
Proxy
Geriatrics
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Caregiver
  • Dementia
  • Factor analysis
  • Malay language
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Reliability and validity of the Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease questionnaire in Malay language for Malaysian older adult with dementia",
abstract = "The Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (QOL-AD) questionnaire is a reliable, valid and popular outcome measure in dementia related studies. However, to date there is no published report on adopted version of QOL-AD in Malay language. Thus this preliminary study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the QOL-AD in Malay language for patients with dementia and to examine the level of agreement between patient-caregiver as a proxy reports on patient's quality of life. A total of 65 patients with mild to moderate dementia and their caregivers were recruited from the psycho-geriatric clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre using a cross sectional study design. The QOL-AD was translated into Malay language using the standard guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of measure. The patient-caregiver dyads completed the QOL-AD in Malay language separately. Test-retest and internal consistency was evaluated for reliability and construct validity was tested with principal component factor analysis. The reliability of QOL-AD in Malay language was good with Cronbach alpha coefficients of 0.82 and 0.79 and intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.77 and 0.89 for patients and caregivers report respectively. Meanwhile a positive moderate agreement was achieved between patient and caregiver rating (r=0.60, p < 0.01). The principal component factor analysis extracted 4 factors for both patient and caregiver reports which explained 66.02{\%} (patients' report) and 64.24{\%} (caregivers' report) of the total variance of the scale. As a conclusion, the QOL-AD in Malay language is a reliable and valid tool to measure the quality of life of people with mild to moderate dementia.",
keywords = "Caregiver, Dementia, Factor analysis, Malay language, Quality of life",
author = "Kan, {Kwai Ching} and Ponnusamy Subramaniam and Rosdinom Razali and Ghazali, {Shazli Ezzat}",
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AU - Ghazali, Shazli Ezzat

PY - 2019/1/1

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N2 - The Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (QOL-AD) questionnaire is a reliable, valid and popular outcome measure in dementia related studies. However, to date there is no published report on adopted version of QOL-AD in Malay language. Thus this preliminary study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the QOL-AD in Malay language for patients with dementia and to examine the level of agreement between patient-caregiver as a proxy reports on patient's quality of life. A total of 65 patients with mild to moderate dementia and their caregivers were recruited from the psycho-geriatric clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre using a cross sectional study design. The QOL-AD was translated into Malay language using the standard guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of measure. The patient-caregiver dyads completed the QOL-AD in Malay language separately. Test-retest and internal consistency was evaluated for reliability and construct validity was tested with principal component factor analysis. The reliability of QOL-AD in Malay language was good with Cronbach alpha coefficients of 0.82 and 0.79 and intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.77 and 0.89 for patients and caregivers report respectively. Meanwhile a positive moderate agreement was achieved between patient and caregiver rating (r=0.60, p < 0.01). The principal component factor analysis extracted 4 factors for both patient and caregiver reports which explained 66.02% (patients' report) and 64.24% (caregivers' report) of the total variance of the scale. As a conclusion, the QOL-AD in Malay language is a reliable and valid tool to measure the quality of life of people with mild to moderate dementia.

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