Relationship of rainfall distribution and water level on major flood 2014 in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia

Nur Hishaam Sulaiman, Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Hafizan Juahir, Frankie Marcus Ata, Azman Azid, Noor Jima Abd Wahab, Roslan Umar, Saiful Iskandar Khalit, Mokhairi Makhtar, Amal Arfan, Uca Sideng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change gives impact on extreme hydrological events especially in extreme rainfall. This article discusses about the relationship of rainfall distribution and water level on major flood 2014 in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia in helping decision makers to flood management system. Based on DID Malaysia rainfall station, 56 stations have being use as point in this research and it is including Pahang, Terengganu, Kelantan and Perak. Data set for this study were analysed with GIS analysis using interpolation method to develop Isohyet map and XLstat statistical software for PCA and SPC analyses. The results that were obtained from the Isohyet Map for three months was mid-November, rainfall started to increase about in range of 800mm-1200mm and the intensity keep increased to 2200mm at mid-December 2014. The high rainfall intensity sense at highland that is upstream of Pahang River. The PCA and SPC analysis also indicates the high relationship between rainfall and water level of few places at Pahang River. The Sg. Yap station and Kg. Serambi station obtained the high relationship of rainfall and water level with factor loading value at 0.9330 and 0.9051 for each station. Hydrological pattern and trend are extremely affected by climate such as north east monsoon season that occurred in South China Sea and affected Pahang during November to March. The findings of this study are important to local authorities by providing basic data as guidelines to the integrated river management at Pahang River Basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmentAsia
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Malaysia
Water levels
Rivers
Catchments
Rain
water level
river basin
rainfall
Water
Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis
Climate Change
river management
Climate
Oceans and Seas
precipitation intensity
China
river
Software
interpolation
distribution

Keywords

  • Flood 2014
  • GIS
  • Isohyet map
  • Pahang river
  • Rainfall distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Sulaiman, N. H., Kamarudin, M. K. A., Toriman, M. E., Juahir, H., Ata, F. M., Azid, A., ... Sideng, U. (2017). Relationship of rainfall distribution and water level on major flood 2014 in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia. EnvironmentAsia, 10(1), 1-8.

Relationship of rainfall distribution and water level on major flood 2014 in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia. / Sulaiman, Nur Hishaam; Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Juahir, Hafizan; Ata, Frankie Marcus; Azid, Azman; Wahab, Noor Jima Abd; Umar, Roslan; Khalit, Saiful Iskandar; Makhtar, Mokhairi; Arfan, Amal; Sideng, Uca.

In: EnvironmentAsia, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sulaiman, NH, Kamarudin, MKA, Toriman, ME, Juahir, H, Ata, FM, Azid, A, Wahab, NJA, Umar, R, Khalit, SI, Makhtar, M, Arfan, A & Sideng, U 2017, 'Relationship of rainfall distribution and water level on major flood 2014 in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia', EnvironmentAsia, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-8.
Sulaiman, Nur Hishaam ; Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri ; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan ; Juahir, Hafizan ; Ata, Frankie Marcus ; Azid, Azman ; Wahab, Noor Jima Abd ; Umar, Roslan ; Khalit, Saiful Iskandar ; Makhtar, Mokhairi ; Arfan, Amal ; Sideng, Uca. / Relationship of rainfall distribution and water level on major flood 2014 in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia. In: EnvironmentAsia. 2017 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 1-8.
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