Relationship between body mass index, calcium intake and vitamin D status with bone mineral density among young adults: A preliminary investigation

Noor Fairuzi Suhana Yahya, Ika Aida Aprilini Makbul, Norlida Mat Daud @ Daud, Qurratul Aini Salma Abdul Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objective: Body mass index (BMI), calcium intake and vitamin D status have been suggested to be contributing factors to bone mineral density (BMD). However, there are very few studies on BMD and its associated factors among young adults in Malaysia. The present study examined BMI, calcium intake and vitamin D status and their relationship with BMD among young Malay adults. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 Malay students (50 males and 50 females) with a mean age of 23.7±3.9 years were recruited for this cross-sectional study. The BMI was calculated from weight and height, while calcium intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Vitamin D status and calcaneal BMD were measured using serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D analysis and quantitative ultrasound, respectively. Results: The mean BMI of subjects was 24.4±5.9 kg mG2 and mean calcium intake was 520.6±371.5 mg/day. Male subjects had a significantly higher (p<0.05) serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (65.8±20.2 nmol LG1) and BMD T-score (1.32±1.52) compared to females (42.9±13.3 nmol LG1 and T-score 0.75±1.22, respectively). The BMI significantly correlated with BMD (r = 0.233, p = 0.020), but not with calcium intake (r = 0.140, p = 0.166) or serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels (r = 0.102, p = 0.330). Conclusion: The results suggested that BMI has a major influence on BMD. Low calcium and vitamin D intake is a definite concern and should be increased as recommended to maintain a healthy BMD later in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

bone density
vitamin D
young adults
Vitamin D
Bone Density
body mass index
Young Adult
Body Mass Index
Calcium
calcium
Serum
Malaysia
food frequency questionnaires
cross-sectional studies
students
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Weights and Measures
Food

Keywords

  • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D
  • Body mass index
  • Bone mineral density
  • Calcium intake
  • Vitamin D status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Relationship between body mass index, calcium intake and vitamin D status with bone mineral density among young adults : A preliminary investigation. / Yahya, Noor Fairuzi Suhana; Makbul, Ika Aida Aprilini; Mat Daud @ Daud, Norlida; Aziz, Qurratul Aini Salma Abdul.

In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 17, No. 4, 15.03.2018, p. 156-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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