Reinforced thermoplastic natural rubber hybrid composites with Hibiscus cannabinus, L and short glass fiber - Part I: Processing parameters and tensile properties

H. Anuar, W. N. Wan Busu, Sahrim Ahmad, Rozaidi Rasid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hybrid composite of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) reinforced with Hibiscus cannabinus, L fiber (kenaf fiber: KF) and short glass fiber (GF) were prepared via melt blending method using internal mixer, at various temperatures, speed and time. TPNR matrix is a blend of polypropylene (PP), liquid natural rubber (LNR) and natural rubber (NR) at a ratio of 70 : 10 : 20. Processing parameters were determined from the tensile strength based on fiber content with 50: 50 ratios of GF and KF. Using the optimum processing parameters, tensile test was carried out for reinforced TPNR-KF-GF hybrid composites (0-20% by volume), with and without addition of silane coupling agent and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP). The result of tensile strength has shown that the increasing in kenaf fiber content substantially reduced the tensile strength and modulus. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has shown that the composite, with coupling agent or compatibilizer, promotes better fiber-matrix interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1087
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

Rubber
Tensile properties
Glass fibers
Thermoplastics
Kenaf fibers
Composite materials
Processing
Tensile strength
Polypropylenes
Coupling agents
Fibers
Maleic Anhydrides
Silanes
Compatibilizers
Maleic anhydride
Elastic moduli
fiberglass
Scanning electron microscopy
Liquids
Temperature

Keywords

  • Hybrid composite
  • Kenaf fiber
  • Short glass fiber
  • Tensile properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

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abstract = "Hybrid composite of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) reinforced with Hibiscus cannabinus, L fiber (kenaf fiber: KF) and short glass fiber (GF) were prepared via melt blending method using internal mixer, at various temperatures, speed and time. TPNR matrix is a blend of polypropylene (PP), liquid natural rubber (LNR) and natural rubber (NR) at a ratio of 70 : 10 : 20. Processing parameters were determined from the tensile strength based on fiber content with 50: 50 ratios of GF and KF. Using the optimum processing parameters, tensile test was carried out for reinforced TPNR-KF-GF hybrid composites (0-20{\%} by volume), with and without addition of silane coupling agent and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP). The result of tensile strength has shown that the increasing in kenaf fiber content substantially reduced the tensile strength and modulus. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has shown that the composite, with coupling agent or compatibilizer, promotes better fiber-matrix interaction.",
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T2 - Processing parameters and tensile properties

AU - Anuar, H.

AU - Wan Busu, W. N.

AU - Ahmad, Sahrim

AU - Rasid, Rozaidi

PY - 2008/6

Y1 - 2008/6

N2 - Hybrid composite of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) reinforced with Hibiscus cannabinus, L fiber (kenaf fiber: KF) and short glass fiber (GF) were prepared via melt blending method using internal mixer, at various temperatures, speed and time. TPNR matrix is a blend of polypropylene (PP), liquid natural rubber (LNR) and natural rubber (NR) at a ratio of 70 : 10 : 20. Processing parameters were determined from the tensile strength based on fiber content with 50: 50 ratios of GF and KF. Using the optimum processing parameters, tensile test was carried out for reinforced TPNR-KF-GF hybrid composites (0-20% by volume), with and without addition of silane coupling agent and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP). The result of tensile strength has shown that the increasing in kenaf fiber content substantially reduced the tensile strength and modulus. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has shown that the composite, with coupling agent or compatibilizer, promotes better fiber-matrix interaction.

AB - Hybrid composite of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) reinforced with Hibiscus cannabinus, L fiber (kenaf fiber: KF) and short glass fiber (GF) were prepared via melt blending method using internal mixer, at various temperatures, speed and time. TPNR matrix is a blend of polypropylene (PP), liquid natural rubber (LNR) and natural rubber (NR) at a ratio of 70 : 10 : 20. Processing parameters were determined from the tensile strength based on fiber content with 50: 50 ratios of GF and KF. Using the optimum processing parameters, tensile test was carried out for reinforced TPNR-KF-GF hybrid composites (0-20% by volume), with and without addition of silane coupling agent and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP). The result of tensile strength has shown that the increasing in kenaf fiber content substantially reduced the tensile strength and modulus. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has shown that the composite, with coupling agent or compatibilizer, promotes better fiber-matrix interaction.

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