Refining indicators for measuring social capital index

Mohd Mahzan Awang, Zuria Mahmud, Salleh Amat, Mohd Izwan Mahmud, Harun Baharudin, Abu Yazid Abu Bakar, Aliza Alias, Ku Suhaila Ku Ali Ku Johari, Dharatun Nissa Puad Mohd Kari, Abdul Razaq Ahmad, Nawar Fasehah Mohd Ehwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current study aims at identifying, validating and refining indicators for measuring social capital index by using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). These analyses were used to validate indicators in measuring social capital index. The indicators used for the analyses was based on several past empirical research that has been identified to have three main constructs: (1) understanding, cooperation and reciprocity, (2) norms and values, and (3) trust. A screening process was carried out to select the most relevant items. It was then verified by sociological and educational experts. The final list of indicators then was used as an instrument for collecting response from 166 participants in Malaysia. Data collected was analysed using Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Results showed that only 23 indicators from three constructs are valid and reliable to be used. Results also suggest there are four new constructs emerged for measuring social capital index. All of the 23 indicators have been identified and rearranged into four new constructs that are (1) collective action, (2) identification and confidence, (3) beliefs and (4) trust. These indicators are valid and need to be given attention in measuring social capital index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-79
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change
Volume7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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social capital
factor analysis
Social Capital
reciprocity
collective behavior
Malaysia
empirical research
confidence
expert
Values

Keywords

  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Exploratory factor analysis
  • Reliability analysis
  • Social capital index
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Refining indicators for measuring social capital index. / Awang, Mohd Mahzan; Mahmud, Zuria; Amat, Salleh; Mahmud, Mohd Izwan; Baharudin, Harun; Abu Bakar, Abu Yazid; Alias, Aliza; Ku Johari, Ku Suhaila Ku Ali; Mohd Kari, Dharatun Nissa Puad; Ahmad, Abdul Razaq; Mohd Ehwan, Nawar Fasehah.

In: International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, Vol. 7, No. 11, 01.01.2019, p. 64-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Awang, Mohd Mahzan ; Mahmud, Zuria ; Amat, Salleh ; Mahmud, Mohd Izwan ; Baharudin, Harun ; Abu Bakar, Abu Yazid ; Alias, Aliza ; Ku Johari, Ku Suhaila Ku Ali ; Mohd Kari, Dharatun Nissa Puad ; Ahmad, Abdul Razaq ; Mohd Ehwan, Nawar Fasehah. / Refining indicators for measuring social capital index. In: International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. 11. pp. 64-79.
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