Rekonstruksi vokal dan diftong bahasa melanau purba

Translated title of the contribution: Reconstruction vocals and diphtongs ancient melanau language

Rahim Aman, Norfazila Ab Hamid, Shahidi A. Hamid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is to reconstruct the vocal and diphthongs Melanau language ancient (BMLP) that exist in Sarawak. BMP reconstruction was done using qualitative comparison method. Reconstruction of the vowels and diphthongs was done by employing internal reconstruction. Reconstruction criteria were used to determine the cognate words, find the correspondence of phonemes, determine recurrence of phonemes and phoneme ancient gain. Thirteen Melanau variants (VM) of Sarawak has been investigated, namely Bintulu (BT), Balingian (BLGN), Mukah (MKH), Oya (OA), Igan (IGN), Dalat (DLT), Matu (MT), Daro (DO ), Medong (MDG), Sungai UD (SG UD), Rajang (RJG), Kanowit (KNWT) and Tanjong (TJG). The study proves that reconstructed that BMLP has 5 vowel phonemes, ie * i, * u, * o, *, ə and *ɑ and 6 diphthongs, ie * -əw, * -ɑw, * -ɑj, * -ej , * uj, and * -oj. The presence of these ancient phonemes, ie phonemes vowel or diphthong phonemes occur regularly and predictably. The phoneme sporadic like BMLP *i, *u, *o, *ə, and *ɑ, and diphthong phoneme, namely *-əw, *-ɑw, *-ɑj, *-ej, *uj, and *-oj in particular distribution indicates that this feature is still new and is difficult to explain. However, our initial assumption is that the occurrence of sporadic innovation is likely caused by local migration factor. The new migration process occurs, thus, realizing the innovation characteristics. BMLP reconstruction process is reconstructed at a low level. Therefore, this study can be pioneer in the study of BMLP at a higher level, especially by comparing the vowel phonemes and diphthongs with the ancient Polynesian Malay language (PMP).

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)189-206
Number of pages18
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

reconstruction
language
migration
innovation
Ancient Languages
Phoneme

Keywords

  • BMP diphthongs
  • BMP vocals
  • Melanau variants
  • Qualitative comparison
  • Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Rekonstruksi vokal dan diftong bahasa melanau purba. / Aman, Rahim; Hamid, Norfazila Ab; A. Hamid, Shahidi.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2015, p. 189-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - This study is to reconstruct the vocal and diphthongs Melanau language ancient (BMLP) that exist in Sarawak. BMP reconstruction was done using qualitative comparison method. Reconstruction of the vowels and diphthongs was done by employing internal reconstruction. Reconstruction criteria were used to determine the cognate words, find the correspondence of phonemes, determine recurrence of phonemes and phoneme ancient gain. Thirteen Melanau variants (VM) of Sarawak has been investigated, namely Bintulu (BT), Balingian (BLGN), Mukah (MKH), Oya (OA), Igan (IGN), Dalat (DLT), Matu (MT), Daro (DO ), Medong (MDG), Sungai UD (SG UD), Rajang (RJG), Kanowit (KNWT) and Tanjong (TJG). The study proves that reconstructed that BMLP has 5 vowel phonemes, ie * i, * u, * o, *, ə and *ɑ and 6 diphthongs, ie * -əw, * -ɑw, * -ɑj, * -ej , * uj, and * -oj. The presence of these ancient phonemes, ie phonemes vowel or diphthong phonemes occur regularly and predictably. The phoneme sporadic like BMLP *i, *u, *o, *ə, and *ɑ, and diphthong phoneme, namely *-əw, *-ɑw, *-ɑj, *-ej, *uj, and *-oj in particular distribution indicates that this feature is still new and is difficult to explain. However, our initial assumption is that the occurrence of sporadic innovation is likely caused by local migration factor. The new migration process occurs, thus, realizing the innovation characteristics. BMLP reconstruction process is reconstructed at a low level. Therefore, this study can be pioneer in the study of BMLP at a higher level, especially by comparing the vowel phonemes and diphthongs with the ancient Polynesian Malay language (PMP).

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