Recent updates in neuroprotective and neuroregenerative potential of Centella asiatica

Lokanathan Yogeswaran, Norazzila Omar, Nur Nabilah Ahmad Puz, Aminuddin Saim, Ruszymah Idrus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Centella asiatica, locally well known in Malaysia as pegaga, is a traditional herb that has been used widely in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and in the traditional medicine of other Southeast Asian countries including Malaysia. Although consumption of the plant is indicated for various illnesses, its potential neuroprotective properties have been well studied and documented. In addition to past studies, recent studies also discovered and/or reconfirmed that C. asiatica acts as an antioxidant, reducing the effect of oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. At the in vitro level, C. asiatica promotes dendrite arborisation and elongation, and also protects the neurons from apoptosis. In vivo studies have shown that the whole extract and also individual compounds of C. asiatica have a protective effect against various neurological diseases. Most of the in vivo studies on neuroprotective effects have focused on Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, learning and memory enhancement, neurotoxicity and other mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety, and epilepsy. Recent studies have embarked on finding the molecular mechanism of neuroprotection by C. asiatica extract. However, the capability of C. asiatica in enhancing neuroregeneration has not been studied much and is limited to the regeneration of crushed sciatic nerves and protection from neuronal injury in hypoxia conditions. More studies are still needed to identify the compounds and the mechanism of action of C. asiatica that are particularly involved in neuroprotection and neuroregeneration. Furthermore, the extraction method, biochemical profile and dosage information of the C. asiatica extract need to be standardised to enhance the economic value of this traditional herb and to accelerate the entry of C. asiatica extracts into modern medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-14
Number of pages11
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Centella
Malaysia
Ayurvedic Medicine
Modern 1601-history
Neuronal Plasticity
Chinese Traditional Medicine
Traditional Medicine
Neuroprotective Agents
Sciatic Nerve
Parkinson Disease
Regeneration
Epilepsy
Alzheimer Disease
Oxidative Stress
Anxiety
Antioxidants
Economics
Learning
Depression
Apoptosis

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Neurological disease
  • Neuronal injury
  • Neuroprotective
  • Pegaga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Recent updates in neuroprotective and neuroregenerative potential of Centella asiatica. / Yogeswaran, Lokanathan; Omar, Norazzila; Ahmad Puz, Nur Nabilah; Saim, Aminuddin; Idrus, Ruszymah.

In: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 4-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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