Recent advances in utilization of graphene for filtration and desalination of water: A review

Arash Aghigh, Vahid Alizadeh, H. Y. Wong, Md. Shabiul Islam, Nowshad Amin, Mukter Zaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water as a basic necessity is an influential factor in our everyday lives but water pollution, urbanization, and huge population growth has led humankind to the brink of water resource scarcity. To address this issue, water filtration as well as desalination got enormous interest by the research community. Recently graphene, a new two dimensional material with exceptional capabilities and characteristics, has become apposite in the field of water filtration and desalination. This paper reviews the recent progress in Graphene research for water desalination using novel methods such as Nanoporous Graphene (NG) sheets as well as Capacitive Deionization (CDI) method. Among which most promising uniform NG sheets can be used for water filtration and desalination at a removal efficiency of 33-100% depending on the pore size as well as the applied pressure [1] and has a water flow rate of 10-100L/cm2/day/MPa [1] and by adjusting the pore size, different mineral filtrations can take place [1]. The main drawback which limits the widespread utilization of NG is the mechanical stability of NG sheets as the pore number increases since water permeability is directly proportional to the number of pores, pore distribution as well as the mass production of graphene sheets which has not been solved [1,2]. Apart from this, in CDI method, filtration is done by applying a certain potential difference between arrays of paired electrodes. The mentioned CDI method has moderate removal efficiency but has higher energy efficiency compared to the reverse osmosis method due to minimal energy requirement of only 0.1-2.03kWh/m3 [3]. Graphene oxide based desalination is another emerging desalination method which is gaining popularity because of its ease of fabrication, industry scale production, and strong mechanical stability [4,5]. It uses the "ion sponging" effect and can block hydrated ions with a radius greater than 4.5A°. But still this method should be further improved as small seawater salts are able to pass from the GO sieve [6,7].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalDesalination
Volume365
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

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Desalination
desalination
Graphene
Water
Water filtration
water
Mechanical stability
Pore size
resource scarcity
Ions
ion
Water pollution
method
Sieves
energy efficiency
water pollution
Reverse osmosis
Water resources
Seawater

Keywords

  • CDI
  • GO sieve
  • Graphene
  • Graphene oxide
  • Nanopores
  • Nanoporous graphene
  • RGO
  • Water desalination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Aghigh, A., Alizadeh, V., Wong, H. Y., Islam, M. S., Amin, N., & Zaman, M. (2015). Recent advances in utilization of graphene for filtration and desalination of water: A review. Desalination, 365, 389-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.03.024

Recent advances in utilization of graphene for filtration and desalination of water : A review. / Aghigh, Arash; Alizadeh, Vahid; Wong, H. Y.; Islam, Md. Shabiul; Amin, Nowshad; Zaman, Mukter.

In: Desalination, Vol. 365, 01.06.2015, p. 389-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aghigh, A, Alizadeh, V, Wong, HY, Islam, MS, Amin, N & Zaman, M 2015, 'Recent advances in utilization of graphene for filtration and desalination of water: A review', Desalination, vol. 365, pp. 389-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.03.024
Aghigh, Arash ; Alizadeh, Vahid ; Wong, H. Y. ; Islam, Md. Shabiul ; Amin, Nowshad ; Zaman, Mukter. / Recent advances in utilization of graphene for filtration and desalination of water : A review. In: Desalination. 2015 ; Vol. 365. pp. 389-397.
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