Recent advances in additive-enhanced polymer electrolyte membrane properties in fuel cell applications: An overview

Norazuwana Shaari, Siti Kartom Kamarudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Additives such as fillers, cross-linkers, and plasticizers have become increasingly important in the polymer nanocomposite production field, especially for enhancing the structural morphology, functional behavior, and final performance of nanocomposites in broad applications. The current work is an overview of the effects of additive substances such as fillers, cross-linkers, and plasticizers in the polymer electrolyte membrane composites applied to fuel cells. A comparative review is conducted by categorizing fillers into several types, and the most popular cross-linkers and plasticizers used in fuel cell membranes are included in this review. The highlighted properties include the proton conductivity, permeability, mechanical properties, thermal properties, crystallinity, and structure of additive-modified nanocomposites. Furthermore, the challenges and future prospects in the additive field are discussed in Section.0. This review can provide a reference for researchers seeking specific substances that can be used to enhance nanocomposite properties, especially in membrane fuel cell applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Nanocomposites
Plasticizers
Electrolytes
Membranes
Fillers
Polymers
Proton conductivity
Composite membranes
Cell membranes
Thermodynamic properties
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • additives
  • cross-linker
  • fuel cell
  • membrane
  • nanocomposite
  • plasticizer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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