Ranging behavior of long-tailed macaques (macaca fascicularis) at the entrance of Kuala Selangor nature park

H. Kamarul, I. Ahmad, Badrul Munir Md. Zain, Z. Syaizwan, A. Aainaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reported the ranging behavior of a group of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) that inhabit the area near Kuala Selangor Nature Park, Selangor, Malaysia. The data on the ranging behavior were collected daily through scan sampling from February to December 2011 on all significant individuals in the focus group. Observations were focusing on the moving distance and usage of canopy level by the study group in the exploiting habitat. They often travelled in the range between 100 and 600 m per day, and the ranging patterns were influenced by the food distribution, sleeping site, predation and territorial factors. The study group seems to use areas that are close to human settlements because of the availability and high distribution of food. The study group does not seem to move far from their home range because they will be returning to the trees along the roadside to sleep. Avoiding predators and territorial factor are the main reasons why they are using the same sleeping sites. The most frequent forest canopy strata used by the study group are the ground level (36.78%), followed by the lower canopy (35.46%), middle canopy (17.93%), upper canopy (7.74%), and the lowest is emergent (2%). Overall, ranging behavior of the study group is not only influenced by food distribution but also by other factors such as avoiding predators and territorial possession at the studied area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-142
Number of pages14
JournalMalaysian Applied Biology
Volume43
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

Fingerprint

Macaca fascicularis
Macaca
canopy
Food
Homing Behavior
Malaysia
Focus Groups
predators
human settlements
group behavior
Ecosystem
focus groups
Sleep
forest canopy
sleep
predation
habitats
sampling

Keywords

  • Kuala Selangor nature park
  • Long-tailed macaque
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Peninsular Malaysia
  • Ranging behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Ranging behavior of long-tailed macaques (macaca fascicularis) at the entrance of Kuala Selangor nature park. / Kamarul, H.; Ahmad, I.; Md. Zain, Badrul Munir; Syaizwan, Z.; Aainaa, A.

In: Malaysian Applied Biology, Vol. 43, No. 2, 01.12.2014, p. 129-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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