Radiation induced grafting of acrylic acid on to polyaniline nanofiber

S. Kamarudin, Masita Mohammad, N. Mohammed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study aims to explore modification of polyaniline nanofiber through grafting polymerization to increase its solubility and processability for application in aqueous environment. Grafting via electron beam radiation procedure is extremely productive in terms of time consumption and environmental friendliness. In this work, acrylic acid was grafted on to polyaniline nanofiber using electron beam irradiation. The influence of altering the electron beam power from 2-3 MeV, radiation dosage from 5-25 kGy, acrylic acid concentration from 10-100% and soaking time from 2-24 hours during graft polymerization were studied over the grafting percentage (%G). Grafting parameter was determined by weight changes before and after grafting procedure. Grafted polyaniline is characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Formation of new peak at 1700 cm-1 for FTIR spectroscopy analysis of grafted polyaniline confirmed grafting has taken place during irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Materials
EditorsMohd Firdaus Omar, Mohd Arif Anuar Mohd Salleh, Dewi Suriyani Che Halin, Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Farah Farhana Zainal, Heah Cheng-Yong, Liew Yun-Ming, Khairel Rafezi Ahmad, Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Sharifah Shahnaz Syed Bakar
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages294-300
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9783035713305
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
EventInternational Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2018 - Bangkok, Thailand
Duration: 16 Apr 201816 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameSolid State Phenomena
Volume280 SSP
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9779

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2018
CountryThailand
CityBangkok
Period16/4/1816/4/18

Fingerprint

acrylic acid
Polyaniline
Nanofibers
Acrylics
Radiation
Acids
radiation
Electron beams
electron beams
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
polymerization
infrared spectroscopy
Polymerization
Irradiation
irradiation
soaking
radiation dosage
Grafts
Thermogravimetric analysis
polyaniline

Keywords

  • Acrylic acid
  • Grafting
  • Polyaniline
  • Radiation
  • Radical formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Kamarudin, S., Mohammad, M., & Mohammed, N. (2018). Radiation induced grafting of acrylic acid on to polyaniline nanofiber. In M. F. Omar, M. A. A. M. Salleh, D. S. Che Halin, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, F. F. Zainal, H. Cheng-Yong, L. Yun-Ming, K. R. Ahmad, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, ... S. S. S. Bakar (Eds.), Sustainable Materials (pp. 294-300). (Solid State Phenomena; Vol. 280 SSP). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.280.294

Radiation induced grafting of acrylic acid on to polyaniline nanofiber. / Kamarudin, S.; Mohammad, Masita; Mohammed, N.

Sustainable Materials. ed. / Mohd Firdaus Omar; Mohd Arif Anuar Mohd Salleh; Dewi Suriyani Che Halin; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Farah Farhana Zainal; Heah Cheng-Yong; Liew Yun-Ming; Khairel Rafezi Ahmad; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Sharifah Shahnaz Syed Bakar. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2018. p. 294-300 (Solid State Phenomena; Vol. 280 SSP).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kamarudin, S, Mohammad, M & Mohammed, N 2018, Radiation induced grafting of acrylic acid on to polyaniline nanofiber. in MF Omar, MAAM Salleh, DS Che Halin, MMA-B Abdullah, FF Zainal, H Cheng-Yong, L Yun-Ming, KR Ahmad, MMA-B Abdullah & SSS Bakar (eds), Sustainable Materials. Solid State Phenomena, vol. 280 SSP, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 294-300, International Conference on Sustainable Materials, ICoSM 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, 16/4/18. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.280.294
Kamarudin S, Mohammad M, Mohammed N. Radiation induced grafting of acrylic acid on to polyaniline nanofiber. In Omar MF, Salleh MAAM, Che Halin DS, Abdullah MMA-B, Zainal FF, Cheng-Yong H, Yun-Ming L, Ahmad KR, Abdullah MMA-B, Bakar SSS, editors, Sustainable Materials. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2018. p. 294-300. (Solid State Phenomena). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.280.294
Kamarudin, S. ; Mohammad, Masita ; Mohammed, N. / Radiation induced grafting of acrylic acid on to polyaniline nanofiber. Sustainable Materials. editor / Mohd Firdaus Omar ; Mohd Arif Anuar Mohd Salleh ; Dewi Suriyani Che Halin ; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Farah Farhana Zainal ; Heah Cheng-Yong ; Liew Yun-Ming ; Khairel Rafezi Ahmad ; Mohd. Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Sharifah Shahnaz Syed Bakar. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2018. pp. 294-300 (Solid State Phenomena).
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N2 - This study aims to explore modification of polyaniline nanofiber through grafting polymerization to increase its solubility and processability for application in aqueous environment. Grafting via electron beam radiation procedure is extremely productive in terms of time consumption and environmental friendliness. In this work, acrylic acid was grafted on to polyaniline nanofiber using electron beam irradiation. The influence of altering the electron beam power from 2-3 MeV, radiation dosage from 5-25 kGy, acrylic acid concentration from 10-100% and soaking time from 2-24 hours during graft polymerization were studied over the grafting percentage (%G). Grafting parameter was determined by weight changes before and after grafting procedure. Grafted polyaniline is characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Formation of new peak at 1700 cm-1 for FTIR spectroscopy analysis of grafted polyaniline confirmed grafting has taken place during irradiation.

AB - This study aims to explore modification of polyaniline nanofiber through grafting polymerization to increase its solubility and processability for application in aqueous environment. Grafting via electron beam radiation procedure is extremely productive in terms of time consumption and environmental friendliness. In this work, acrylic acid was grafted on to polyaniline nanofiber using electron beam irradiation. The influence of altering the electron beam power from 2-3 MeV, radiation dosage from 5-25 kGy, acrylic acid concentration from 10-100% and soaking time from 2-24 hours during graft polymerization were studied over the grafting percentage (%G). Grafting parameter was determined by weight changes before and after grafting procedure. Grafted polyaniline is characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Formation of new peak at 1700 cm-1 for FTIR spectroscopy analysis of grafted polyaniline confirmed grafting has taken place during irradiation.

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