Quality of asthma care at a university-based primary care clinic in Malaysia: An audit of process, structure and outcomes

Hizlinda Tohid, Sheen Dee Ng, Anis Azmi, Nur Farah Adrina Nur Hamidi, Syahirah Samsuri, Amir Hazman Kamarudin, Khairani Omar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The quality of asthma care may be affected if asthma management is overlooked, thus needing frequent clinical audits to identify areas for improvement. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the quality of the process (e.g. documentation of asthma-specific information), the structure (e.g. availability of resources) and the outcome (e.g. proportion of patients prescribed with asthma medications) at a university-based primary care clinic. The associated clinical factors for non-documentation of asthma control at the last visit were also examined. Design/methodology/approach: This retrospective study involved auditing medical records and the pharmacy data system of 433 adult patients with asthma to evaluate 18 quality indicators. The standard target for the indicators of process and structure was 80 percent and the standard target for the indicators of outcome was 100 percent. Findings: All the indicators failed to reach the standard targets. Documentation of asthma-specific information and availability of resources were deficient. The non-documentation of asthma control was significantly associated with presence of acute complaint(s) unrelated to asthma, presence of other issues and number of the documented parameters for asthma control. Although the prescription rates of inhaled reliever and preventer were substandard, they were reasonably high compared to the targets. Research limitations/implications: In this study, evaluation of the quality of care was limited by absence of asthma register, use of paper-based medical records and restricted practice capacity. Besides, the asthma-specific assessments and management were only audited at one particular time. Furthermore, the findings of this study could not be generalised to other settings that used other methods of record keeping such as patient-held cards and electronic medical records. Future studies should sample asthma patients from a register, evaluate more reliable quality indicators (e.g. over-prescription of short-acting β-2 agonist and underuse of inhaled corticosteroid) and assess asthma management over a duration of time. Practical implications: This study provides quality information on all aspects of asthma care (process, structure and outcome) which can be a basis for clinical improvement. It is hoped that the study could assist the stakeholders to plan strategies for improvement of the asthma care. A more strategic and reliable system of documentation is needed, such as the use of a simple template or structured form, which should not jeopardise the provision of personalised and comprehensive care. With complete documentation, thorough investigational audits can be continuously performed to determine the quality of asthma care. Social implications: This study could provide useful findings to guide healthcare providers in developing a more strategic model of asthma care that can ensure asthma patients to receive a personalised, comprehensive, holistic and continuous care. Through this approach, their physical and psychosocial well-being can be optimised. Originality/value: Even though our healthcare has advanced, the quality of asthma care is still suboptimal which requires further improvement. However, it could be considered assuring due to high outcome levels of asthma care despite having limited resources and practice capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-434
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Research
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2019

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Quality of Health Care
Malaysia
Primary Health Care
Asthma
Documentation
Medical Records
Prescriptions
Clinical Audit

Keywords

  • Asthma care
  • Malaysia
  • Primary care
  • Quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Quality of asthma care at a university-based primary care clinic in Malaysia : An audit of process, structure and outcomes. / Tohid, Hizlinda; Ng, Sheen Dee; Azmi, Anis; Nur Hamidi, Nur Farah Adrina; Samsuri, Syahirah; Kamarudin, Amir Hazman; Omar, Khairani.

In: Journal of Health Research, Vol. 33, No. 5, 09.09.2019, p. 425-434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tohid, Hizlinda ; Ng, Sheen Dee ; Azmi, Anis ; Nur Hamidi, Nur Farah Adrina ; Samsuri, Syahirah ; Kamarudin, Amir Hazman ; Omar, Khairani. / Quality of asthma care at a university-based primary care clinic in Malaysia : An audit of process, structure and outcomes. In: Journal of Health Research. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 5. pp. 425-434.
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