Push-out test on the web opening shear connector for a slim-floor steel beam

Experimental and analytical study

Emad Hosseinpour, Shahrizan Baharom, Wan Hamidon Wan Badaruzzaman, Ahmed W. Al Zand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In slim-floor construction, the web opening of the steel beam is proposed as WO shear connectors of different shapes; square (WSO), rectangular (WRO) and circular (WCO) connectors were considered to evaluate the ultimate shear strength, failure mode and ductility performance. Six push-out tests were conducted under static loading. Finite Element (FE) models using ABAQUS software were validated using test results, and then, further models were developed. The effective parameters include web thickness of the steel beam, opening size, compressive strength of the concrete slab and group arrangement for WO connectors. The test result indicates higher shear strength for the WSO shear connector compared with WRO and WCO. FE analysis presents notable shear achievement of WSO and WRO connectors because of the larger effective width of the square and rectangular openings incorporated with infill concrete. Thicker web steel beam associated with larger opening enhanced the compressive and tensile resistance area of the infill concrete in all cases. The effective spacing between group WCO shear connectors was found to be 250 mm, and it was found to be 300 mm for WSO and WRO to achieve maximum shear strength. Finally, the ultimate shear resistance of the WCO and WSO/WRO shear connectors were predicted and validated with COV of 0.032 and 0.021, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-152
Number of pages16
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018

Fingerprint

Shear strength
Steel
Concretes
Concrete slabs
ABAQUS
Failure modes
Compressive strength
Ductility
Finite element method

Keywords

  • Group effect
  • Push-out test
  • Shear connector
  • Shear strength
  • Slim-floor
  • Web opening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Push-out test on the web opening shear connector for a slim-floor steel beam : Experimental and analytical study. / Hosseinpour, Emad; Baharom, Shahrizan; Wan Badaruzzaman, Wan Hamidon; Al Zand, Ahmed W.

In: Engineering Structures, Vol. 163, 15.05.2018, p. 137-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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