Pulse compressed time domain multiplexed fiber bragg grating sensor

a comparative study

M. M. Elgaud, Ahmad Ashrif A Bakar, Abdulfatah Abushagur Ghaith, Nani Fadzlina Naim, Norhana Arsad, Mohd Hadri Hafiz Mokhtar, Nur Hidayah Azeman, Mohd Saiful Dzulkefly Zan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper experimentally demonstrates the feasibility of improving the sensing performance of fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based point sensors by deploying two pulse coding techniques, simplex coding (SSC), and Golay complementary codes (GCC). The two techniques are separately combined with the conventional time-domain multiplexed FBG (TDM-FBG) interrogation sensor, and their results are compared with respect to the conventional single pulse interrogation technique. Consistently with the theory, for both the coding techniques, we have confirmed that the signal-to-noise ratio improved proportionally to the code length. In details, for both the techniques, the signal-to-noise improvement ratio of two FBGs located after around 16.35 km of fiber has significantly increased up to about 6 dB. Furthermore, the decoded signals from both techniques conserve their original spatial properties, confirming the successfulness of Hadamard transform and Golay auto-correlation calculations. Our experimental analysis confirms the simplex codes with their significant noise reduction ability, which is translated into well formed and accurate mean amplitude calculations. Moreover, the analysis of TDM-FBG-based GCCs have confirmed the unique properties of the auto-correlation process to increase the FBG signals up to around 128 times compared with the single pulse case.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8506358
Pages (from-to)64427-64434
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Access
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Fiber Bragg gratings
Autocorrelation
Sensors
Hadamard transforms
Noise abatement
Signal to noise ratio
Fibers

Keywords

  • Auto-correlation
  • Golay complementary codes (GCC)
  • Hadamard transform
  • Noise reduction
  • Signal-to-noise-ratio
  • Simplex pulse coding
  • SSC
  • TDM-FBG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Pulse compressed time domain multiplexed fiber bragg grating sensor : a comparative study. / Elgaud, M. M.; A Bakar, Ahmad Ashrif; Ghaith, Abdulfatah Abushagur; Naim, Nani Fadzlina; Arsad, Norhana; Mokhtar, Mohd Hadri Hafiz; Azeman, Nur Hidayah; Zan, Mohd Saiful Dzulkefly.

In: IEEE Access, Vol. 6, 8506358, 01.01.2018, p. 64427-64434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elgaud, M. M. ; A Bakar, Ahmad Ashrif ; Ghaith, Abdulfatah Abushagur ; Naim, Nani Fadzlina ; Arsad, Norhana ; Mokhtar, Mohd Hadri Hafiz ; Azeman, Nur Hidayah ; Zan, Mohd Saiful Dzulkefly. / Pulse compressed time domain multiplexed fiber bragg grating sensor : a comparative study. In: IEEE Access. 2018 ; Vol. 6. pp. 64427-64434.
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