Public health expenditure, governance and health outcomes in Malaysia

Riayati Ahmad, Junaidah Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), government plays a crucial role in providing quality life for its citizens through good health system. There has been less attention given in analysing the relationship between government expenditure, governance and health outcomes particularly in developing countries. This paper aims to study the impact of public health expenditure and governance on health outcomes in Malaysia. An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) cointegration framework has been used to analyse data from 1984 to 2009. The results based on the bounds testing procedure show that a stable, long-run relationship exists between health outcomes and their determinants; namely income level, public health expenditure, corruption and government stability. The results also reveal that public health expenditure and corruption affect long-and short run health outcomes in Malaysia. The fndings are important to the policy makers in making decisions to improve the citizens' quality of life. We suggest the Ministry of Health of Malaysia to conduct more consultations with other ministries and other stakeholders in health services as to identify the needs and emphasize on the importance of health program to the society. At the same time, attention should be given to reduce or eliminate the corruption rate as it has adverse effects on the country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-40
Number of pages12
JournalJurnal Ekonomi Malaysia
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Health outcomes
Malaysia
Governance
Health expenditures
Public health
Corruption
Health
Government
Quality of life
Cointegration
Politicians
Decision making
Distributed lag
World Health Organization
Income level
Developing countries
Health services
Government expenditure
Bounds testing
Stakeholders

Keywords

  • Corruption
  • Governance
  • Health
  • Public health expenditure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Public health expenditure, governance and health outcomes in Malaysia. / Ahmad, Riayati; Hasan, Junaidah.

In: Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, Vol. 50, No. 1, 2016, p. 29-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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