Psychosocial factors between Malaysian and Indonesian juvenile delinquents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Juvenile delinquency has been a major social problem to some Asian countries particularly Malaysia and Indonesia and few studies have looked at the ethnicity differences within juvenile delinquents. Psychosocial factors in terms of family functioning, self esteem, cognitive distortion and depression were examined in a sample of Malay (N=189) and Indonesian (N=l 31) juvenile delinquents. The instruments used were: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (FACES III), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) and Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS). Results indicated that: the Malay juvenile delinquents were significantly more depressed than the Indonesian juvenile delinquents; there were significant interaction effects of family functioning, self-esteem and cognitive distortion on depression in both groups; no significant effect of family functioning on depression was observed and finally a significant effect of self-esteem and cognitive distortion on depression was obtained. Findings argued that an enhancement of adolescents' rational thought should be emphasized in counseling, albeit the differences found in Malay and Indonesian delinquents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Applied Sciences Journal
Volume12
Issue numberSPL ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

psychosocial factors
self-esteem
adolescent
juvenile delinquency
social problem
group cohesion
Indonesia
Malaysia
counseling
ethnicity
interaction
Group

Keywords

  • Cognitive distortion
  • Depression
  • Family functioning
  • Juvenile delinquents
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Psychosocial factors between Malaysian and Indonesian juvenile delinquents. / Nasir, Rohany; Ahmad Zamani, Zainah; Khairudin, Rozainee; Wan Sulaiman, Wan Shahrazad; Latipun, S.

In: World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 12, No. SPL ISS., 2011, p. 52-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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