Psychosocial factors and obesity in 17 high-, middle- and low-income countries

The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic study

A. Rosengren, K. Teo, S. Rangarajan, C. Kabali, I. Khumalo, V. R. Kutty, R. Gupta, R. Yusuf, R. Iqbal, Noor Hassim Ismail, Y. Altuntas, R. Kelishadi, R. Diaz, A. Avezum, J. Chifamba, K. Zatonska, L. Wei, X. Liao, P. Lopez-Jaramillo, A. Yusufali & 3 others P. Seron, S. A. Lear, S. Yusuf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Objectives:Psychosocial stress has been proposed to contribute to obesity, particularly abdominal, or central obesity, through chronic activation of the neuroendocrine systems. However, these putative relationships are complex and dependent on country and cultural context. We investigated the association between psychosocial factors and general and abdominal obesity in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic study.Subjects/Methods:This observational, cross-sectional study enrolled 151 966 individuals aged 35-70 years from 628 urban and rural communities in 17 high-, middle- and low-income countries. Data were collected for 125 290 individuals regarding education, anthropometrics, hypertension/diabetes, tobacco/alcohol use, diet and psychosocial factors (self-perceived stress and depression).Results:After standardization for age, sex, country income and urban/rural location, the proportion with obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg m - 2) increased from 15.7% in 40 831 individuals with no stress to 20.5% in 7720 individuals with permanent stress, with corresponding proportions for ethnicity- and sex-specific central obesity of 48.6% and 53.5%, respectively (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1223
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2015

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Abdominal Obesity
Epidemiologic Studies
Obesity
Psychology
Neurosecretory Systems
Tobacco Use
Rural Population
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Alcohols
Depression
Diet
Hypertension
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Psychosocial factors and obesity in 17 high-, middle- and low-income countries : The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic study. / Rosengren, A.; Teo, K.; Rangarajan, S.; Kabali, C.; Khumalo, I.; Kutty, V. R.; Gupta, R.; Yusuf, R.; Iqbal, R.; Ismail, Noor Hassim; Altuntas, Y.; Kelishadi, R.; Diaz, R.; Avezum, A.; Chifamba, J.; Zatonska, K.; Wei, L.; Liao, X.; Lopez-Jaramillo, P.; Yusufali, A.; Seron, P.; Lear, S. A.; Yusuf, S.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 39, No. 8, 06.08.2015, p. 1217-1223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rosengren, A, Teo, K, Rangarajan, S, Kabali, C, Khumalo, I, Kutty, VR, Gupta, R, Yusuf, R, Iqbal, R, Ismail, NH, Altuntas, Y, Kelishadi, R, Diaz, R, Avezum, A, Chifamba, J, Zatonska, K, Wei, L, Liao, X, Lopez-Jaramillo, P, Yusufali, A, Seron, P, Lear, SA & Yusuf, S 2015, 'Psychosocial factors and obesity in 17 high-, middle- and low-income countries: The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic study', International Journal of Obesity, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 1217-1223. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2015.48
Rosengren, A. ; Teo, K. ; Rangarajan, S. ; Kabali, C. ; Khumalo, I. ; Kutty, V. R. ; Gupta, R. ; Yusuf, R. ; Iqbal, R. ; Ismail, Noor Hassim ; Altuntas, Y. ; Kelishadi, R. ; Diaz, R. ; Avezum, A. ; Chifamba, J. ; Zatonska, K. ; Wei, L. ; Liao, X. ; Lopez-Jaramillo, P. ; Yusufali, A. ; Seron, P. ; Lear, S. A. ; Yusuf, S. / Psychosocial factors and obesity in 17 high-, middle- and low-income countries : The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiologic study. In: International Journal of Obesity. 2015 ; Vol. 39, No. 8. pp. 1217-1223.
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AU - Kabali, C.

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AU - Gupta, R.

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AU - Diaz, R.

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AU - Chifamba, J.

AU - Zatonska, K.

AU - Wei, L.

AU - Liao, X.

AU - Lopez-Jaramillo, P.

AU - Yusufali, A.

AU - Seron, P.

AU - Lear, S. A.

AU - Yusuf, S.

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