Psychometric properties of revised Malaysian bullying questionnaire (R-MBQ)

Vikneswaran Sabramani, Halim Ismail, Idayu Badilla Idris, Kamaluddin Mohammad Rahim, Balan Rathakrishna, Mohammad Amin Wani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bully is considered as a serious health problem which has high potential to trigger physical and psychosocial dysfunctions among victims including serious depressive symptoms and stress. In general, bullying is defined as a set of aggressive behaviour, systematic abuse of power as well as a form of peer abuse. Currently, the incidence of bullying is widespread in Malaysia and the current research was aimed to revise and validate the Malaysian Bullying Questionnaire (R-MBQ) for the purpose of local use. This study was achieved by employing subjective and objective validation methods. The present study commenced with subjective validation methods namely content and faces validity tests. Later, the objective validity of this measure was achieved by employing a cross sectional study among 170 random sample of Malaysian National Secondary School students. The data was analysed and examined using Exploratory Factor Analyses while the internal consistency was ascertained through Cronbach’s Alpha method. The findings showed that R-MBQ has two factors namely perpetrator and victim domains. The perpetrator domain shows the items are within the acceptable factor loading range of 0.46 and 0.57. Meanwhile, the victim domain comprised of items with factor loading from between 0.52 to 0.74. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were within good range: Perpetrator Domain (α = 0.81) and Victim Domain (α = 0.78). The results of the validation study suggested that the R-MBQ is reliable and serves as a valid tool for assessing the bullying involvement among Malaysian adolescents. This validated tool is expected to be utilized as a screening instrument for proactive preventive steps for bully among Malaysian students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3049-3055
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering
Volume8
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

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Students
Medical problems
Screening

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Bully
  • Public health
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Psychometric properties of revised Malaysian bullying questionnaire (R-MBQ). / Sabramani, Vikneswaran; Ismail, Halim; Idris, Idayu Badilla; Mohammad Rahim, Kamaluddin; Rathakrishna, Balan; Wani, Mohammad Amin.

In: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 7, 01.05.2019, p. 3049-3055.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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