Psychometric properties and validation of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI) inventory in an outpatient clinical population in Malaysia

Aishvarya Sinniah, Tian P S Oei, Karuthan Chinna, Shamsul Azhar Shah, T. Maniam, Ponnusamy Subramaniam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The PANSI is a measure designed to assess the risk and protective factors related to suicidal behaviors. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI) Inventory in a sample of clinical outpatients at a major hospital in Malaysia. In this study, 283 psychiatric patients and 200 medical (non-psychiatric) patients participated. All the patients completed the PANSI and seven other self-report instruments. Confirmative factor analysis supported the 2-factor oblique model. The internal consistency of the two subscales of PANSI-Negative and the PANSI-Positive were 0.93 and 0.84, respectively. In testing construct validity, PANSI showed sizable correlation with the other seven scales. Criterion validity was supported by scores on PANSI which differentiated psychiatric patients from medical patients. Logistic regression analyses showed PANSI can be used to classify the patients into suicidal or non-suicidal. The PANSI is a reliable and valid instrument to measure the severity of suicidal ideation among clinical outpatients in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01934
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume6
Issue numberDEC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Psychometrics
Suicide
Outpatients
Equipment and Supplies
Population
Psychiatry
Suicidal Ideation
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Culture
  • Malaysia
  • Mental health
  • Suicide ideation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Psychometric properties and validation of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI) inventory in an outpatient clinical population in Malaysia. / Sinniah, Aishvarya; Oei, Tian P S; Chinna, Karuthan; Shah, Shamsul Azhar; Maniam, T.; Subramaniam, Ponnusamy.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6, No. DEC, 01934, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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