Psychology: National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures

A. Terracciano, A. M. Abdel-Khalek, N. Ádám, L. Adamovová, C. K. Ahn, H. N. Ahn, B. M. Alansari, L. Alcalay, J. Allik, A. Angleitner, M. D. Avia, L. E. Ayearst, C. Barbaranelli, A. Beer, M. A. Borg-Cunen, D. Bratko, M. Brunner-Sciarra, L. Budzinski, N. Camart, D. DahourouF. De Fruyt, M. P. De Lima, G. E H Del Pilar, E. Diener, R. Falzon, K. Fernando, E. Ficková, R. Fischer, C. Flores-Mendoza, M. A. Ghayur, S. Gülgöz, B. Hagberg, J. Halberstadt, M. S. Halim, M. Hrebickova, J. Humrichouse, H. H. Jensen, D. D. Jocic, F. H. Jónsson, B. Khoury, W. Klinkosz, G. Knežević, H. A. Lauri, N. Leibovich, T. A. Martin, I. Marušić, Khairul Anwar @ Johari Mastor, D. Matsumoto, M. McRorie, B. Meshcheriakov, E. L. Mortensen, M. Munyae, J. Nagy, K. Nakazato, F. Nansubuga, S. Oishi, A. O. Ojedokun, F. Ostendorf, D. L. Paulhus, S. Pelevin, J. M. Petot, N. Podobnik, J. L. Porrata, V. S. Pramila, C. Prentice, A. Realo, N. Reátegui, J. P. Rolland, J. Rossier, W. Ruch, V. S. Rus, M. L. Sánchez-Bernardos, V. Schmidt, S. Sciculna-Calleja, A. Sekowski, J. Shakespeare-Finch, Y. Shimonaka, F. Simonetti, T. Sineshaw, J. Siuta, P. B. Smith, P. D. Trapnell, K. K. Trobst, L. Wang, M. Yik, A. Zupančič, R. R. McCrae

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252 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-100
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume310
Issue number5745
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2005

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Personality
Psychology
Self Report

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Ádám, N., Adamovová, L., Ahn, C. K., Ahn, H. N., ... McCrae, R. R. (2005). Psychology: National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures. Science, 310(5745), 96-100. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1117199

Psychology : National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures. / Terracciano, A.; Abdel-Khalek, A. M.; Ádám, N.; Adamovová, L.; Ahn, C. K.; Ahn, H. N.; Alansari, B. M.; Alcalay, L.; Allik, J.; Angleitner, A.; Avia, M. D.; Ayearst, L. E.; Barbaranelli, C.; Beer, A.; Borg-Cunen, M. A.; Bratko, D.; Brunner-Sciarra, M.; Budzinski, L.; Camart, N.; Dahourou, D.; De Fruyt, F.; De Lima, M. P.; Del Pilar, G. E H; Diener, E.; Falzon, R.; Fernando, K.; Ficková, E.; Fischer, R.; Flores-Mendoza, C.; Ghayur, M. A.; Gülgöz, S.; Hagberg, B.; Halberstadt, J.; Halim, M. S.; Hrebickova, M.; Humrichouse, J.; Jensen, H. H.; Jocic, D. D.; Jónsson, F. H.; Khoury, B.; Klinkosz, W.; Knežević, G.; Lauri, H. A.; Leibovich, N.; Martin, T. A.; Marušić, I.; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari; Matsumoto, D.; McRorie, M.; Meshcheriakov, B.; Mortensen, E. L.; Munyae, M.; Nagy, J.; Nakazato, K.; Nansubuga, F.; Oishi, S.; Ojedokun, A. O.; Ostendorf, F.; Paulhus, D. L.; Pelevin, S.; Petot, J. M.; Podobnik, N.; Porrata, J. L.; Pramila, V. S.; Prentice, C.; Realo, A.; Reátegui, N.; Rolland, J. P.; Rossier, J.; Ruch, W.; Rus, V. S.; Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L.; Schmidt, V.; Sciculna-Calleja, S.; Sekowski, A.; Shakespeare-Finch, J.; Shimonaka, Y.; Simonetti, F.; Sineshaw, T.; Siuta, J.; Smith, P. B.; Trapnell, P. D.; Trobst, K. K.; Wang, L.; Yik, M.; Zupančič, A.; McCrae, R. R.

In: Science, Vol. 310, No. 5745, 07.10.2005, p. 96-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Terracciano, A, Abdel-Khalek, AM, Ádám, N, Adamovová, L, Ahn, CK, Ahn, HN, Alansari, BM, Alcalay, L, Allik, J, Angleitner, A, Avia, MD, Ayearst, LE, Barbaranelli, C, Beer, A, Borg-Cunen, MA, Bratko, D, Brunner-Sciarra, M, Budzinski, L, Camart, N, Dahourou, D, De Fruyt, F, De Lima, MP, Del Pilar, GEH, Diener, E, Falzon, R, Fernando, K, Ficková, E, Fischer, R, Flores-Mendoza, C, Ghayur, MA, Gülgöz, S, Hagberg, B, Halberstadt, J, Halim, MS, Hrebickova, M, Humrichouse, J, Jensen, HH, Jocic, DD, Jónsson, FH, Khoury, B, Klinkosz, W, Knežević, G, Lauri, HA, Leibovich, N, Martin, TA, Marušić, I, Mastor, KAJ, Matsumoto, D, McRorie, M, Meshcheriakov, B, Mortensen, EL, Munyae, M, Nagy, J, Nakazato, K, Nansubuga, F, Oishi, S, Ojedokun, AO, Ostendorf, F, Paulhus, DL, Pelevin, S, Petot, JM, Podobnik, N, Porrata, JL, Pramila, VS, Prentice, C, Realo, A, Reátegui, N, Rolland, JP, Rossier, J, Ruch, W, Rus, VS, Sánchez-Bernardos, ML, Schmidt, V, Sciculna-Calleja, S, Sekowski, A, Shakespeare-Finch, J, Shimonaka, Y, Simonetti, F, Sineshaw, T, Siuta, J, Smith, PB, Trapnell, PD, Trobst, KK, Wang, L, Yik, M, Zupančič, A & McCrae, RR 2005, 'Psychology: National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures', Science, vol. 310, no. 5745, pp. 96-100. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1117199
Terracciano A, Abdel-Khalek AM, Ádám N, Adamovová L, Ahn CK, Ahn HN et al. Psychology: National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures. Science. 2005 Oct 7;310(5745):96-100. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1117199
Terracciano, A. ; Abdel-Khalek, A. M. ; Ádám, N. ; Adamovová, L. ; Ahn, C. K. ; Ahn, H. N. ; Alansari, B. M. ; Alcalay, L. ; Allik, J. ; Angleitner, A. ; Avia, M. D. ; Ayearst, L. E. ; Barbaranelli, C. ; Beer, A. ; Borg-Cunen, M. A. ; Bratko, D. ; Brunner-Sciarra, M. ; Budzinski, L. ; Camart, N. ; Dahourou, D. ; De Fruyt, F. ; De Lima, M. P. ; Del Pilar, G. E H ; Diener, E. ; Falzon, R. ; Fernando, K. ; Ficková, E. ; Fischer, R. ; Flores-Mendoza, C. ; Ghayur, M. A. ; Gülgöz, S. ; Hagberg, B. ; Halberstadt, J. ; Halim, M. S. ; Hrebickova, M. ; Humrichouse, J. ; Jensen, H. H. ; Jocic, D. D. ; Jónsson, F. H. ; Khoury, B. ; Klinkosz, W. ; Knežević, G. ; Lauri, H. A. ; Leibovich, N. ; Martin, T. A. ; Marušić, I. ; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari ; Matsumoto, D. ; McRorie, M. ; Meshcheriakov, B. ; Mortensen, E. L. ; Munyae, M. ; Nagy, J. ; Nakazato, K. ; Nansubuga, F. ; Oishi, S. ; Ojedokun, A. O. ; Ostendorf, F. ; Paulhus, D. L. ; Pelevin, S. ; Petot, J. M. ; Podobnik, N. ; Porrata, J. L. ; Pramila, V. S. ; Prentice, C. ; Realo, A. ; Reátegui, N. ; Rolland, J. P. ; Rossier, J. ; Ruch, W. ; Rus, V. S. ; Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L. ; Schmidt, V. ; Sciculna-Calleja, S. ; Sekowski, A. ; Shakespeare-Finch, J. ; Shimonaka, Y. ; Simonetti, F. ; Sineshaw, T. ; Siuta, J. ; Smith, P. B. ; Trapnell, P. D. ; Trobst, K. K. ; Wang, L. ; Yik, M. ; Zupančič, A. ; McCrae, R. R. / Psychology : National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures. In: Science. 2005 ; Vol. 310, No. 5745. pp. 96-100.
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title = "Psychology: National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures",
abstract = "Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a {"}kernel of truth,{"} or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychology

T2 - National character does not reflect mean personality trait level in 49 cultures

AU - Terracciano, A.

AU - Abdel-Khalek, A. M.

AU - Ádám, N.

AU - Adamovová, L.

AU - Ahn, C. K.

AU - Ahn, H. N.

AU - Alansari, B. M.

AU - Alcalay, L.

AU - Allik, J.

AU - Angleitner, A.

AU - Avia, M. D.

AU - Ayearst, L. E.

AU - Barbaranelli, C.

AU - Beer, A.

AU - Borg-Cunen, M. A.

AU - Bratko, D.

AU - Brunner-Sciarra, M.

AU - Budzinski, L.

AU - Camart, N.

AU - Dahourou, D.

AU - De Fruyt, F.

AU - De Lima, M. P.

AU - Del Pilar, G. E H

AU - Diener, E.

AU - Falzon, R.

AU - Fernando, K.

AU - Ficková, E.

AU - Fischer, R.

AU - Flores-Mendoza, C.

AU - Ghayur, M. A.

AU - Gülgöz, S.

AU - Hagberg, B.

AU - Halberstadt, J.

AU - Halim, M. S.

AU - Hrebickova, M.

AU - Humrichouse, J.

AU - Jensen, H. H.

AU - Jocic, D. D.

AU - Jónsson, F. H.

AU - Khoury, B.

AU - Klinkosz, W.

AU - Knežević, G.

AU - Lauri, H. A.

AU - Leibovich, N.

AU - Martin, T. A.

AU - Marušić, I.

AU - Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari

AU - Matsumoto, D.

AU - McRorie, M.

AU - Meshcheriakov, B.

AU - Mortensen, E. L.

AU - Munyae, M.

AU - Nagy, J.

AU - Nakazato, K.

AU - Nansubuga, F.

AU - Oishi, S.

AU - Ojedokun, A. O.

AU - Ostendorf, F.

AU - Paulhus, D. L.

AU - Pelevin, S.

AU - Petot, J. M.

AU - Podobnik, N.

AU - Porrata, J. L.

AU - Pramila, V. S.

AU - Prentice, C.

AU - Realo, A.

AU - Reátegui, N.

AU - Rolland, J. P.

AU - Rossier, J.

AU - Ruch, W.

AU - Rus, V. S.

AU - Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L.

AU - Schmidt, V.

AU - Sciculna-Calleja, S.

AU - Sekowski, A.

AU - Shakespeare-Finch, J.

AU - Shimonaka, Y.

AU - Simonetti, F.

AU - Sineshaw, T.

AU - Siuta, J.

AU - Smith, P. B.

AU - Trapnell, P. D.

AU - Trobst, K. K.

AU - Wang, L.

AU - Yik, M.

AU - Zupančič, A.

AU - McCrae, R. R.

PY - 2005/10/7

Y1 - 2005/10/7

N2 - Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.

AB - Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.

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