Psychiatric Morbidity and Family Environment Among Female Juvenile Detainees in a Malaysian Sample

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Abstract

Family environmental factors have been implicated in the development of delinquency and adolescent psychiatric disorders. We examined the association between psychiatric disorders and family environmental factors among female juvenile detainees. A hundred female juvenile detainees in a Malaysian rehabilitation center (12–17 years-old) were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Child and Adolescent and the Family Environment Scale. Majority of participants (56 %) had a psychiatric disorder, the commonest being Disruptive Behavior Disorders (40 %) and Depressive Disorders (30 %). Multivariate analysis found younger age (OR 0.52; 95 % CI 0.29, 0.94), older maternal age (OR 1.15; 95 % CI 1.03, 1.28), family history of crime (OR 7.19; 95 % CI 1.05, 49.43), family environment i.e. achievement orientation (OR 1.11; 95 % CI 1.02, 1.20) and control (OR 1.12; 95 % CI 1.03, 1.22) as significant factors for psychiatric disorder. This study demonstrated the role of age (younger adolescent and older mother), family history of crime and family environment beyond socio-economic status in psychiatric morbidity among female juvenile detainees. Future larger studies are needed to clarify familial-genetic factors that may impact strategies for family-centric mental health interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 8 Jul 2016

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morbidity
Psychiatry
Morbidity
adolescent
genealogy
environmental factors
Crime
offense
achievement orientation
rehabilitation center
behavior disorder
heredity
delinquency
Adolescent Psychiatry
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
multivariate analysis
Rehabilitation Centers
Maternal Age
Depressive Disorder
mental health

Keywords

  • Delinquency
  • Family environment
  • Female juvenile detainees
  • Psychiatric morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

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title = "Psychiatric Morbidity and Family Environment Among Female Juvenile Detainees in a Malaysian Sample",
abstract = "Family environmental factors have been implicated in the development of delinquency and adolescent psychiatric disorders. We examined the association between psychiatric disorders and family environmental factors among female juvenile detainees. A hundred female juvenile detainees in a Malaysian rehabilitation center (12–17 years-old) were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Child and Adolescent and the Family Environment Scale. Majority of participants (56 {\%}) had a psychiatric disorder, the commonest being Disruptive Behavior Disorders (40 {\%}) and Depressive Disorders (30 {\%}). Multivariate analysis found younger age (OR 0.52; 95 {\%} CI 0.29, 0.94), older maternal age (OR 1.15; 95 {\%} CI 1.03, 1.28), family history of crime (OR 7.19; 95 {\%} CI 1.05, 49.43), family environment i.e. achievement orientation (OR 1.11; 95 {\%} CI 1.02, 1.20) and control (OR 1.12; 95 {\%} CI 1.03, 1.22) as significant factors for psychiatric disorder. This study demonstrated the role of age (younger adolescent and older mother), family history of crime and family environment beyond socio-economic status in psychiatric morbidity among female juvenile detainees. Future larger studies are needed to clarify familial-genetic factors that may impact strategies for family-centric mental health interventions.",
keywords = "Delinquency, Family environment, Female juvenile detainees, Psychiatric morbidity",
author = "Wazir, {Nor S M} and {Wan Ismail}, {Wan Salwina} and Chan, {Lai Fong} and Lin Naing and Shah, {Shamsul Azhar}",
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AU - Shah, Shamsul Azhar

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