Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits

Nurhazni Khir Jauhari, Darina Ibrahim, Muhammad Ibrahim, Mohammad Nor Adros Yahya, Norazmir Md Nor, Khairil Anuar Md Isa, Mohd. Khan Ayob, Muhammad Nor Omar, Norazlanshah Hazali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Baccaurea angulata or locally known as 'belimbing dayak' or 'belimbing hutan'is an underutilized fruit indigenous to Borneo with its proximate analysis and antioxidant values are yet to be explored. Proximate analysis and antioxidative properties of oven-dried B. angulata fruits of three fractions; whole fruit, skins and berries were evaluated. From the analysis conducted, whole fruit, berries and skins fraction of B. angulata contained 2.83%, 5.15% and 0.28% of total fat; 3.11%, 3.43% and 3.89% of protein; 16.66%, 19.09% and 11.37% of moisture; 4.57%, 3.68% and 7.28% of total ash and water activity (Aw) of 0.41, 0.44 and 0.44, respectively. Evaluation of antioxidant activities using ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), 1,1-diphenyl-2- pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and Trolox/ABTS equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) revealed that the skins fraction exhibits highest antioxidant activities (p<0.05) followed by whole fruit and berries fractions. The antioxidant activities were significantly correlated (p<0.05) with total phenolic and total flavonoid content but not to anthocyanins. Considering the nutritional values it contained, B. angulata is another good source of natural antioxidants with significant health benefits and high value for commercialization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume42
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

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proximate composition
antioxidant activity
small fruits
fruits
antioxidants
commercialization
Borneo
ovens
water activity
biphenyl
anthocyanins
flavonoids
nutritive value
Baccaurea
lipids
proteins

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Baccaurea angulata
  • Nutritional compositions
  • Phytochemicals
  • Underutilized fruits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Jauhari, N. K., Ibrahim, D., Ibrahim, M., Yahya, M. N. A., Nor, N. M., Isa, K. A. M., ... Hazali, N. (2013). Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits. Sains Malaysiana, 42(2), 129-134.

Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits. / Jauhari, Nurhazni Khir; Ibrahim, Darina; Ibrahim, Muhammad; Yahya, Mohammad Nor Adros; Nor, Norazmir Md; Isa, Khairil Anuar Md; Ayob, Mohd. Khan; Omar, Muhammad Nor; Hazali, Norazlanshah.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 42, No. 2, 02.2013, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jauhari, NK, Ibrahim, D, Ibrahim, M, Yahya, MNA, Nor, NM, Isa, KAM, Ayob, MK, Omar, MN & Hazali, N 2013, 'Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits', Sains Malaysiana, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 129-134.
Jauhari NK, Ibrahim D, Ibrahim M, Yahya MNA, Nor NM, Isa KAM et al. Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits. Sains Malaysiana. 2013 Feb;42(2):129-134.
Jauhari, Nurhazni Khir ; Ibrahim, Darina ; Ibrahim, Muhammad ; Yahya, Mohammad Nor Adros ; Nor, Norazmir Md ; Isa, Khairil Anuar Md ; Ayob, Mohd. Khan ; Omar, Muhammad Nor ; Hazali, Norazlanshah. / Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of dried belimbing dayak (Baccaurea angulata) fruits. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 129-134.
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