Proteomic profiling of senescent human diploid fibroblasts treated with gamma-tocotrienol

Jen Kit Tan, Faizul Jaafar, Suzana Makpol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Replicative senescence of human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) has been used as a model to study mechanisms of cellular aging. Gamma-tocotrienol (γT3) is one of the members of vitamin E family which has been shown to increase proliferation of senescent HDFs. However, the modulation of protein expressions by γT3 in senescent HDFs remains to be elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in young and senescent HDFs; and in vehicle- and γT3-treated senescent HDFs using label-free quantitative proteomics. Methods: Whole proteins were extracted and digested in-gel with trypsin. Peptides were detected by Orbitrap liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Mass spectra were identified and quantitated by MaxQuant software. The data were further filtered and analyzed statistically using Perseus software to identify DEPs. Functional annotations of DEPs were performed using Panther Classification System. Results: A total of 1217 proteins were identified in young and senescent cells, while 1218 proteins in vehicle- and γT3-treated senescent cells. 11 DEPs were found in young and senescent cells which included downregulation of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor beta and upregulation of tubulin beta-2A chain protein expressions in senescent cells. 51 DEPs were identified in vehicle- and γT3-treated senescent cells which included upregulation of 70 kDa heat shock protein, triosephosphate isomerase and malate dehydrogenase protein expressions in γT3-treated senescent cells. Conclusions: PDGF signaling and cytoskeletal structure may be dysregulated in senescent HDFs. The pro-proliferative effect of γT3 on senescent HDFs may be mediated through the stimulation of cellular response to stress and carbohydrate metabolism. The expressions and roles of these proteins in relation to cellular senescence are worth further investigations. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD009933.

Original languageEnglish
Article number314
JournalBMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2018

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Diploidy
Proteomics
Fibroblasts
Proteins
Cell Aging
plastochromanol 8
Up-Regulation
Software
Triose-Phosphate Isomerase
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptors
Malate Dehydrogenase
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Tubulin
Vitamin E
Liquid Chromatography
Trypsin
Mass Spectrometry

Keywords

  • Gamma-tocotrienol
  • Human diploid fibroblasts
  • Proteomics
  • Replicative senescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Proteomic profiling of senescent human diploid fibroblasts treated with gamma-tocotrienol. / Tan, Jen Kit; Jaafar, Faizul; Makpol, Suzana.

In: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 18, No. 1, 314, 29.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Replicative senescence of human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) has been used as a model to study mechanisms of cellular aging. Gamma-tocotrienol (γT3) is one of the members of vitamin E family which has been shown to increase proliferation of senescent HDFs. However, the modulation of protein expressions by γT3 in senescent HDFs remains to be elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in young and senescent HDFs; and in vehicle- and γT3-treated senescent HDFs using label-free quantitative proteomics. Methods: Whole proteins were extracted and digested in-gel with trypsin. Peptides were detected by Orbitrap liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Mass spectra were identified and quantitated by MaxQuant software. The data were further filtered and analyzed statistically using Perseus software to identify DEPs. Functional annotations of DEPs were performed using Panther Classification System. Results: A total of 1217 proteins were identified in young and senescent cells, while 1218 proteins in vehicle- and γT3-treated senescent cells. 11 DEPs were found in young and senescent cells which included downregulation of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor beta and upregulation of tubulin beta-2A chain protein expressions in senescent cells. 51 DEPs were identified in vehicle- and γT3-treated senescent cells which included upregulation of 70 kDa heat shock protein, triosephosphate isomerase and malate dehydrogenase protein expressions in γT3-treated senescent cells. Conclusions: PDGF signaling and cytoskeletal structure may be dysregulated in senescent HDFs. The pro-proliferative effect of γT3 on senescent HDFs may be mediated through the stimulation of cellular response to stress and carbohydrate metabolism. The expressions and roles of these proteins in relation to cellular senescence are worth further investigations. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD009933.",
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