Protein-energy malnutrition and soil-transmitted helminthiases among Orang Asli children in Selangor, Malaysia

Hesham M S Al-Mekhlafi, `Azlin Muhammad @ Mohd Yasin, U. Nor Aini, A. Shaik, A. Sa'iah, M. S. Fatmah, M. G. Ismail, Firdaus Ahmad, M. Y. Aisah, A. R. Rozlida, Norhayati Moktar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to determine the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition and its association with soil-transmitted helminthiases in Orang Asli (Aborigine) children in Selangor, Malaysia. The results obtained from 368 children aged 2-15 years showed that the overall prevalence of mild and significant underweight was 32.1% and 56.5% respectively. The prevalence of mild stunting was 25.6% while another 61.3% had significant stunting. The overall prevalence of mild and significant wasting was 39.0% and 19.5% respectively. The overall prevalence of ascariasis, trichuriasis and hookworm infection were 61.9%, 98.2% and 37.0% respectively and of these 18.9%, 23.5% and 2.5% of the children had severe infection of the respective helminthes. The overall prevalence of giardiasis was 24.9%. The present study vividly shows that stunting and underweight are highly prevalent among Orang Asli children and therefore of concern in this community. In this population intestinal parasitic infections, especially severe trichuriasis and giardiasis, were identified as the main predictors of stunting and wasting respectively, in addition to age between 2 to 6 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Helminthiasis
Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Malaysia
Growth Disorders
Soil
Trichuriasis
Giardiasis
Thinness
Hookworm Infections
Ascariasis
Parasitic Diseases
Infection
Population

Keywords

  • Aborigine
  • Ascariasis
  • Giardiasis
  • Hookworm infection
  • Intestinal parasitic infections
  • Malaysia
  • Orang Asli
  • Protein-energy malnutrition in children
  • Selangor
  • Soil-transmitted helminthiases
  • Stunting
  • Trichuriasis
  • Underweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Protein-energy malnutrition and soil-transmitted helminthiases among Orang Asli children in Selangor, Malaysia. / Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M S; Muhammad @ Mohd Yasin, `Azlin; Nor Aini, U.; Shaik, A.; Sa'iah, A.; Fatmah, M. S.; Ismail, M. G.; Ahmad, Firdaus; Aisah, M. Y.; Rozlida, A. R.; Moktar, Norhayati.

In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2005, p. 188-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Mekhlafi, HMS, Muhammad @ Mohd Yasin, A, Nor Aini, U, Shaik, A, Sa'iah, A, Fatmah, MS, Ismail, MG, Ahmad, F, Aisah, MY, Rozlida, AR & Moktar, N 2005, 'Protein-energy malnutrition and soil-transmitted helminthiases among Orang Asli children in Selangor, Malaysia', Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 188-194.
Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M S ; Muhammad @ Mohd Yasin, `Azlin ; Nor Aini, U. ; Shaik, A. ; Sa'iah, A. ; Fatmah, M. S. ; Ismail, M. G. ; Ahmad, Firdaus ; Aisah, M. Y. ; Rozlida, A. R. ; Moktar, Norhayati. / Protein-energy malnutrition and soil-transmitted helminthiases among Orang Asli children in Selangor, Malaysia. In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2005 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 188-194.
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