Prospects of life cycle assessment of renewable energy from solar photovoltaic technologies: A review

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a comprehensive method used to investigate the environmental impacts and energy use of a product throughout its entire life cycle. For solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, LCA studies need to be conducted to address environmental and energy issues and foster the development of PV technologies in a sustainable manner. This paper reviews and analyzes LCA studies on solar PV technologies, such as silicon, thin film, dye-sensitized solar cell, perovskite solar cell, and quantum dot-sensitized solar cell. The PV life cycle assumes a cradle-to-grave mechanism, starting from the extraction of raw materials until the disposal or recycling of the solar PV. Three impact assessment methods in LCA were reviewed and summarized, namely, cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and GHG emission rate, based on data and information published in the literature. LCA results show that mono-crystalline silicon PV technology has the highest energy consumption, longest EPBT, and highest greenhouse gas emissions rate compared with other solar PV technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-28
Number of pages18
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Life cycle
Silicon
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Semiconductor quantum dots
Environmental impact
Recycling
Solar cells
Raw materials
Energy utilization
Crystalline materials
Thin films

Keywords

  • Cumulative energy demand
  • Energy payback time
  • GHG emission rate
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Solar PV technologies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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title = "Prospects of life cycle assessment of renewable energy from solar photovoltaic technologies: A review",
abstract = "Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a comprehensive method used to investigate the environmental impacts and energy use of a product throughout its entire life cycle. For solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, LCA studies need to be conducted to address environmental and energy issues and foster the development of PV technologies in a sustainable manner. This paper reviews and analyzes LCA studies on solar PV technologies, such as silicon, thin film, dye-sensitized solar cell, perovskite solar cell, and quantum dot-sensitized solar cell. The PV life cycle assumes a cradle-to-grave mechanism, starting from the extraction of raw materials until the disposal or recycling of the solar PV. Three impact assessment methods in LCA were reviewed and summarized, namely, cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and GHG emission rate, based on data and information published in the literature. LCA results show that mono-crystalline silicon PV technology has the highest energy consumption, longest EPBT, and highest greenhouse gas emissions rate compared with other solar PV technologies.",
keywords = "Cumulative energy demand, Energy payback time, GHG emission rate, Life cycle assessment, Solar PV technologies",
author = "{Ahmad Ludin}, Norasikin and Mustafa, {Nur Ifthitah} and {Mohd Hanafiah}, Marlia and Ibrahim, {Mohd. Adib} and {Asri Mat Teridi}, Mohd and Suhaila Sepeai and Azami Zaharim and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
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T1 - Prospects of life cycle assessment of renewable energy from solar photovoltaic technologies

T2 - A review

AU - Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin

AU - Mustafa, Nur Ifthitah

AU - Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia

AU - Ibrahim, Mohd. Adib

AU - Asri Mat Teridi, Mohd

AU - Sepeai, Suhaila

AU - Zaharim, Azami

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a comprehensive method used to investigate the environmental impacts and energy use of a product throughout its entire life cycle. For solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, LCA studies need to be conducted to address environmental and energy issues and foster the development of PV technologies in a sustainable manner. This paper reviews and analyzes LCA studies on solar PV technologies, such as silicon, thin film, dye-sensitized solar cell, perovskite solar cell, and quantum dot-sensitized solar cell. The PV life cycle assumes a cradle-to-grave mechanism, starting from the extraction of raw materials until the disposal or recycling of the solar PV. Three impact assessment methods in LCA were reviewed and summarized, namely, cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and GHG emission rate, based on data and information published in the literature. LCA results show that mono-crystalline silicon PV technology has the highest energy consumption, longest EPBT, and highest greenhouse gas emissions rate compared with other solar PV technologies.

AB - Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a comprehensive method used to investigate the environmental impacts and energy use of a product throughout its entire life cycle. For solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, LCA studies need to be conducted to address environmental and energy issues and foster the development of PV technologies in a sustainable manner. This paper reviews and analyzes LCA studies on solar PV technologies, such as silicon, thin film, dye-sensitized solar cell, perovskite solar cell, and quantum dot-sensitized solar cell. The PV life cycle assumes a cradle-to-grave mechanism, starting from the extraction of raw materials until the disposal or recycling of the solar PV. Three impact assessment methods in LCA were reviewed and summarized, namely, cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and GHG emission rate, based on data and information published in the literature. LCA results show that mono-crystalline silicon PV technology has the highest energy consumption, longest EPBT, and highest greenhouse gas emissions rate compared with other solar PV technologies.

KW - Cumulative energy demand

KW - Energy payback time

KW - GHG emission rate

KW - Life cycle assessment

KW - Solar PV technologies

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