Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers

Nurul Hanisah Mohd, Aina Aqila Arman Alim, Johan Iskandar Zahari, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo, Ishak Ahmad, Maratun Najiha Abu Tahari, Hanieh Kargarzadeh, Rizafizah Othaman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is one of the lignocellulosic materials which are an abundant waste at palm oil mills and need to be utilized. The nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was extracted from OPEFB fiber through several chemical treatments and hydrolyzed with sulphuric acid (H2SO4). NCC acts as a based material for aminosilane N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropylmethyldimethoxy silane (AEAPDMS) grafting since aminosilane is a well-known compound for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of NCC properties after modification with AEAPDMS. The morphology and the size of NCC were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The NCC used in this study was classified as nanomaterial within nanosize and rod-like morphology observed by TEM analysis. The raw OPEFB fiber, cellulose, NCC and modified NCC were characterized by attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The XRD result showed the crystallinity index (CrI) of the modified NCC decreased to 64 % from 76 % due to the grafting of amorphous AEAPDMS. The NCC was modified with AEAPDMS as proven by FTIR with the emerging of several new peaks especially for NH2 bending and wagging around 1600 cm-1 and 798 cm-1, respectively. Thus, the AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, it gives a good possibility to capture CO2 via covalent bonding.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages284-289
Number of pages6
Volume888 MSF
ISBN (Print)9783035710298
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventInternational Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, ICXRI 2016 - Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Aug 201618 Aug 2016

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume888 MSF
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

OtherInternational Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, ICXRI 2016
CountryMalaysia
CityPutrajaya
Period17/8/1618/8/16

Fingerprint

Palm oil
fruits
Fruits
cellulose
Cellulose
oils
Silanes
fibers
Fibers
silanes
Transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
diffraction
Nanostructured materials
Carbon Dioxide
X ray diffraction analysis
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
carbon dioxide
emerging
crystallinity

Keywords

  • Aminosilane
  • Cellulose
  • Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
  • Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Mohd, N. H., Arman Alim, A. A., Zahari, J. I., Yarmo, M. A., Ahmad, I., Abu Tahari, M. N., ... Othaman, R. (2017). Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers. In Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II (Vol. 888 MSF, pp. 284-289). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 888 MSF). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.888.284

Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers. / Mohd, Nurul Hanisah; Arman Alim, Aina Aqila; Zahari, Johan Iskandar; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar; Ahmad, Ishak; Abu Tahari, Maratun Najiha; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh; Othaman, Rizafizah.

Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II. Vol. 888 MSF Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2017. p. 284-289 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 888 MSF).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mohd, NH, Arman Alim, AA, Zahari, JI, Yarmo, MA, Ahmad, I, Abu Tahari, MN, Kargarzadeh, H & Othaman, R 2017, Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers. in Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II. vol. 888 MSF, Materials Science Forum, vol. 888 MSF, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 284-289, International Conference on X-Rays and Related Techniques in Research and Industry, ICXRI 2016, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 17/8/16. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.888.284
Mohd NH, Arman Alim AA, Zahari JI, Yarmo MA, Ahmad I, Abu Tahari MN et al. Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers. In Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II. Vol. 888 MSF. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2017. p. 284-289. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.888.284
Mohd, Nurul Hanisah ; Arman Alim, Aina Aqila ; Zahari, Johan Iskandar ; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar ; Ahmad, Ishak ; Abu Tahari, Maratun Najiha ; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh ; Othaman, Rizafizah. / Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers. Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II. Vol. 888 MSF Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2017. pp. 284-289 (Materials Science Forum).
@inproceedings{58d4c6eb1ad3411d9a501ff3b8631d8f,
title = "Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers",
abstract = "Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is one of the lignocellulosic materials which are an abundant waste at palm oil mills and need to be utilized. The nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was extracted from OPEFB fiber through several chemical treatments and hydrolyzed with sulphuric acid (H2SO4). NCC acts as a based material for aminosilane N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropylmethyldimethoxy silane (AEAPDMS) grafting since aminosilane is a well-known compound for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of NCC properties after modification with AEAPDMS. The morphology and the size of NCC were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The NCC used in this study was classified as nanomaterial within nanosize and rod-like morphology observed by TEM analysis. The raw OPEFB fiber, cellulose, NCC and modified NCC were characterized by attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The XRD result showed the crystallinity index (CrI) of the modified NCC decreased to 64 {\%} from 76 {\%} due to the grafting of amorphous AEAPDMS. The NCC was modified with AEAPDMS as proven by FTIR with the emerging of several new peaks especially for NH2 bending and wagging around 1600 cm-1 and 798 cm-1, respectively. Thus, the AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, it gives a good possibility to capture CO2 via covalent bonding.",
keywords = "Aminosilane, Cellulose, Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)",
author = "Mohd, {Nurul Hanisah} and {Arman Alim}, {Aina Aqila} and Zahari, {Johan Iskandar} and Yarmo, {Mohd. Ambar} and Ishak Ahmad and {Abu Tahari}, {Maratun Najiha} and Hanieh Kargarzadeh and Rizafizah Othaman",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.888.284",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783035710298",
volume = "888 MSF",
series = "Materials Science Forum",
publisher = "Trans Tech Publications Ltd",
pages = "284--289",
booktitle = "Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Properties of aminosilane modified nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers

AU - Mohd, Nurul Hanisah

AU - Arman Alim, Aina Aqila

AU - Zahari, Johan Iskandar

AU - Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar

AU - Ahmad, Ishak

AU - Abu Tahari, Maratun Najiha

AU - Kargarzadeh, Hanieh

AU - Othaman, Rizafizah

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is one of the lignocellulosic materials which are an abundant waste at palm oil mills and need to be utilized. The nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was extracted from OPEFB fiber through several chemical treatments and hydrolyzed with sulphuric acid (H2SO4). NCC acts as a based material for aminosilane N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropylmethyldimethoxy silane (AEAPDMS) grafting since aminosilane is a well-known compound for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of NCC properties after modification with AEAPDMS. The morphology and the size of NCC were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The NCC used in this study was classified as nanomaterial within nanosize and rod-like morphology observed by TEM analysis. The raw OPEFB fiber, cellulose, NCC and modified NCC were characterized by attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The XRD result showed the crystallinity index (CrI) of the modified NCC decreased to 64 % from 76 % due to the grafting of amorphous AEAPDMS. The NCC was modified with AEAPDMS as proven by FTIR with the emerging of several new peaks especially for NH2 bending and wagging around 1600 cm-1 and 798 cm-1, respectively. Thus, the AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, it gives a good possibility to capture CO2 via covalent bonding.

AB - Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is one of the lignocellulosic materials which are an abundant waste at palm oil mills and need to be utilized. The nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) was extracted from OPEFB fiber through several chemical treatments and hydrolyzed with sulphuric acid (H2SO4). NCC acts as a based material for aminosilane N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropylmethyldimethoxy silane (AEAPDMS) grafting since aminosilane is a well-known compound for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of NCC properties after modification with AEAPDMS. The morphology and the size of NCC were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The NCC used in this study was classified as nanomaterial within nanosize and rod-like morphology observed by TEM analysis. The raw OPEFB fiber, cellulose, NCC and modified NCC were characterized by attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The XRD result showed the crystallinity index (CrI) of the modified NCC decreased to 64 % from 76 % due to the grafting of amorphous AEAPDMS. The NCC was modified with AEAPDMS as proven by FTIR with the emerging of several new peaks especially for NH2 bending and wagging around 1600 cm-1 and 798 cm-1, respectively. Thus, the AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, it gives a good possibility to capture CO2 via covalent bonding.

KW - Aminosilane

KW - Cellulose

KW - Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)

KW - Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014935488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014935488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.888.284

DO - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.888.284

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9783035710298

VL - 888 MSF

T3 - Materials Science Forum

SP - 284

EP - 289

BT - Current Material Research Using X-Rays and Related Techniques II

PB - Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ER -