Promoting social skills through outdoor education and assessing its' effects

Mohd. Taib Harun, Norlena Salamuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Outdoor education is a holistic form of education which aids in overall wellbeing of adolescence, including academic, physical, emotional, social and psychology well being. The aim of this study was to see whether outdoor education promotes social skills and assess its effects on participants. Research sample comprised of 671 adolescence attending a five-day residential outdoor education program. Kolb's Cycle of Learning through Experience is used as the theoretical framework while the research framework is adapted from Carver's Outdoor Education Framework. Social skills measured are cooperative teamwork, leadership ability, and ability to cope with changes. Descriptive and inferential statistics used were t-test, Cohen's D, multiple analysis of variance, and post hoc test. The result showed that the outdoor programme had a significant influence for all the constructs involved in this study. Cohen's D showed that the treatment contributes greatly to leadership ability (60%), and ability to cope with changes (61%). Wilks' Lambda in multiple analysis of variance showed that the outdoor education module contributes significantly high F=30.78, p<0.05; Ή2=0.57 to changes in social skills. Analysis of variance showed that there is a retention period whereby the changes in social skills examined remain in the participants for a certain period of time. This retention of changes in social skills is significant for all factors studied which are cooperative teamwork, leadership ability, and ability to cope with changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Social Science
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2014

Fingerprint

ability
analysis of variance
education
leadership
teamwork
adolescence
inferential statistics
descriptive statistics
Education
Social skills
Social Skills
psychology
well-being
learning
Analysis of variance
Analysis of Variance
experience
Adolescence
Team work
Well-being

Keywords

  • Leadership
  • Outdoor education
  • Social skills
  • Teamwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Promoting social skills through outdoor education and assessing its' effects. / Harun, Mohd. Taib; Salamuddin, Norlena.

In: Asian Social Science, Vol. 10, No. 5, 28.02.2014, p. 71-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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