Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell

Elnaz Halakoo, Alireza Khademi, Mostafa Ghasemi, Noordin Mohd Yusof, Rasoul Jamshidi Gohari, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Platinum (Pt) is the most efficient and common cathode catalyst that is being applied in fuel cell technology, especially in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). However, its high price makes its use uneconomical in MFCs. Even though there are some other types of new catalysts, their performance could not compete with Pt. This is the main reason why scientists spend all their efforts to decrease the amount of Pt by making some composite of Pt for their use in MFCs thus making it viable and more economical. In this study, carbon nanotube-platinum (CNT/Pt) nanocomposite has been fabricated as a novel cathode catalyst in MFCs and its performance was compared with platinum in MFCs system. The CNT/Pt was synthesized by using the in situ method, and the performance is being compared in terms of power density generation in different concentration. The results have shown that CNT is a suitable support for catalyst in MFCs and CNT/Pt generally has better performance than Pt in MFCs. This can be due to better interaction with oxygen in the cathode chamber and high catalytic activity of CNT/Pt for oxygen reduction reaction. The potential of CNT/Pt nanocomposite in generating electricity from MFCs has been demonstrated and this can be a sustainable source of energy for the future.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProcedia CIRP
    PublisherElsevier
    Pages473-476
    Number of pages4
    Volume26
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    Event12th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, GCSM 2014 - Johor Bahru, Malaysia
    Duration: 22 Sep 201424 Sep 2014

    Other

    Other12th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, GCSM 2014
    CountryMalaysia
    CityJohor Bahru
    Period22/9/1424/9/14

    Fingerprint

    Microbial fuel cells
    Platinum
    Carbon nanotubes
    Catalysts
    Cathodes
    Nanocomposites
    Oxygen
    Catalyst supports
    Fuel cells
    Catalyst activity
    Electricity

    Keywords

    • Carbon nanotube-platinum (CNT/Pt)
    • Microbial fuel cell (MFC)
    • Nanocomposite
    • Power density

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Control and Systems Engineering
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

    Cite this

    Halakoo, E., Khademi, A., Ghasemi, M., Yusof, N. M., Gohari, R. J., & Ismail, A. F. (2015). Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell. In Procedia CIRP (Vol. 26, pp. 473-476). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.034

    Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell. / Halakoo, Elnaz; Khademi, Alireza; Ghasemi, Mostafa; Yusof, Noordin Mohd; Gohari, Rasoul Jamshidi; Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi.

    Procedia CIRP. Vol. 26 Elsevier, 2015. p. 473-476.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Halakoo, E, Khademi, A, Ghasemi, M, Yusof, NM, Gohari, RJ & Ismail, AF 2015, Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell. in Procedia CIRP. vol. 26, Elsevier, pp. 473-476, 12th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, GCSM 2014, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, 22/9/14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.034
    Halakoo E, Khademi A, Ghasemi M, Yusof NM, Gohari RJ, Ismail AF. Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell. In Procedia CIRP. Vol. 26. Elsevier. 2015. p. 473-476 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.034
    Halakoo, Elnaz ; Khademi, Alireza ; Ghasemi, Mostafa ; Yusof, Noordin Mohd ; Gohari, Rasoul Jamshidi ; Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi. / Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell. Procedia CIRP. Vol. 26 Elsevier, 2015. pp. 473-476
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