Production and physico-chemical characterization of biochar from palm kernel shell

S. H. Kong, S. K. Loh, Robert T. Bachmann, Y. M. Choo, Jumat Salimon, Abdul Rahim Samsudin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As the world's second largest producer and exporter of palm oil, Malaysia's palm oil industry leaves behind huge amounts of biomass waste from its plantation and milling activities such as empty fruit bunch, palm kernel shell (PKS), palm frond and palm trunk. Generally, most of the waste generated is disposed of via open dumping, used as solid fuel in boilers, or used as fertilizers. To enhance the use of the abundant biomass generated by the oil palm industry in Malaysia, conversion of biomass to biochar could be a promising alternative. Biochar has the strength in improving long term soil productivity and capable of sequestering carbon in soils to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide to atmosphere. This research project aims to investigate and optimize the use of PKS for biochar production through slow pyrolysis by using the Biochar Experimenter's Kit (BEK) from All Power Labs, California. PKS was pyrolyzed at 400 °C for an hour. Biochar and the pyrolysis by-products were then collected. The biochar was then selectively characterized for its physicochemical properties such as proximate and ultimate analysis, pH, water holding capacity and BET surface area.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages749-752
Number of pages4
Volume1571
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium - Selangor
Duration: 3 Jul 20134 Jul 2013

Other

Other2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium
CitySelangor
Period3/7/134/7/13

Fingerprint

biomass
Malaysia
oils
pyrolysis
soils
industries
dumping
fertilizers
kits
fruits
research projects
boilers
productivity
leaves
carbon dioxide
atmospheres
carbon
water

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • Oil palm biomass
  • Pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Kong, S. H., Loh, S. K., Bachmann, R. T., Choo, Y. M., Salimon, J., & Samsudin, A. R. (2013). Production and physico-chemical characterization of biochar from palm kernel shell. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1571, pp. 749-752) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858744

Production and physico-chemical characterization of biochar from palm kernel shell. / Kong, S. H.; Loh, S. K.; Bachmann, Robert T.; Choo, Y. M.; Salimon, Jumat; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. p. 749-752.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kong, SH, Loh, SK, Bachmann, RT, Choo, YM, Salimon, J & Samsudin, AR 2013, Production and physico-chemical characterization of biochar from palm kernel shell. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1571, pp. 749-752, 2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium, Selangor, 3/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858744
Kong SH, Loh SK, Bachmann RT, Choo YM, Salimon J, Samsudin AR. Production and physico-chemical characterization of biochar from palm kernel shell. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571. 2013. p. 749-752 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858744
Kong, S. H. ; Loh, S. K. ; Bachmann, Robert T. ; Choo, Y. M. ; Salimon, Jumat ; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim. / Production and physico-chemical characterization of biochar from palm kernel shell. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. pp. 749-752
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