Problem solving representations in systems development

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The contemporary trend of utilising rapid and agile methodologies in systems development indicates the importance of the iterative refinement of the representation of user problems, which usually begins with an inadequate representation of the actual problems. Although the iterative element is a well-acknowledged process among practitioners, it has yet to be incorporated in general theories of problem solving. This study performs a qualitative analysis on the development tasks of 11 respondents utilising the cognitive fit theory (CFT) as a lens to uncover the iterative nature of systems development as a problem solving task. The present study suggests the explicit inclusion of iterative elements into the CFT by modifying the theory. The study finds that while problem representations do inform the formation of mental representation and affect problem solving performance through a typical input-process-output flow, iterative processes also occur when mental representation affects problem representations. Additionally, the findings of the present study also establish three further branch-out models, based upon the modified CFT, to cater for specific circumstances: the cognitive fit model with learning; the cognitive fit model for recurring tasks; and the cognitive fit model for decision making triggered tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-144
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Business Information Systems
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Lenses
Decision making
System development
Problem solving
Problem representation
Qualitative analysis
Methodology
Inclusion
General theory

Keywords

  • Cognitive fit
  • Iterative
  • Mental representation
  • Problem representation
  • Problem solving
  • Qualitative method
  • Systems development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Information Systems and Management

Cite this

Problem solving representations in systems development. / Aziz, Khairul Azman.

In: International Journal of Business Information Systems, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2014, p. 123-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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