Problem-based learning: With or without facilitator?

Tham Yi Chuan, Nadiah Binti Rosly, Mohd Zaid Bin Zolkipli, Ng Wei Wei, Mohd Azlan Bin Basheer Ahamed, Nur Afney Binti Mustapha, Abdus Salam, Zaiton Zakaria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Problem-based learning (PBL) which was introduced in 1983 in the Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), has become one of the main teaching learning methodologies in 2005 as part of the integrated system-based curriculum. During the PBL sessions, facilitators are always present to guide the students to achieve the learning outcomes. To determine whether the students are able to acquire knowledge independently, communicate better and work as a team even without a facilitator, a randomised controlled study was performed to compare the outcome of PBL class in UKM with and without facilitator. Second year medical students of UKM were recruited in this study. Ten PBL groups consisting of 11 students each group were randomly selected to conduct the PBL without facilitators while another ten groups (control group) continue the PBL as usual. Two PBL topics in the neuroscience module in the second semester were chosen. In order to compare within the observed groups, only one topic is conducted without facilitator. Basic science knowledge, critical thinking skills, motivation and group dynamics were tested in the study. Comparison was made between the control groups and the observed groups and within the observed groups in PBL without facilitator and with facilitator. Comparison of basic science knowledge between the control groups with mean and SD (2.33 ±1.08) and observed groups (2.45 ±1.13) was not significant. Even within the observed groups there is no significant difference in their basic science knowledge when they had facilitator or without facilitator. Overall this study showed there were no significant differences in the parameters tested between PBL groups with facilitators and without facilitators.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Pages394-399
Number of pages6
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventKongres Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran UKM, 2010 - Tanjung Keling, Melaka, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Dec 201015 Dec 2010

Other

OtherKongres Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran UKM, 2010
CountryMalaysia
CityTanjung Keling, Melaka
Period13/12/1015/12/10

Fingerprint

Problem-Based Learning
learning
Group
Malaysia
Students
Control Groups
Learning
science
Neurosciences
Medical Students
Curriculum
group dynamics
Motivation
student
integrated system
Teaching
neurosciences
Medicine
semester
medical student

Keywords

  • Facilitators
  • Problem-based learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Chuan, T. Y., Rosly, N. B., Bin Zolkipli, M. Z., Wei, N. W., Basheer Ahamed, M. A. B., Binti Mustapha, N. A., ... Zakaria, Z. (2011). Problem-based learning: With or without facilitator? In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. 18, pp. 394-399) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.057

Problem-based learning : With or without facilitator? / Chuan, Tham Yi; Rosly, Nadiah Binti; Bin Zolkipli, Mohd Zaid; Wei, Ng Wei; Basheer Ahamed, Mohd Azlan Bin; Binti Mustapha, Nur Afney; Salam, Abdus; Zakaria, Zaiton.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 18 2011. p. 394-399.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Chuan, TY, Rosly, NB, Bin Zolkipli, MZ, Wei, NW, Basheer Ahamed, MAB, Binti Mustapha, NA, Salam, A & Zakaria, Z 2011, Problem-based learning: With or without facilitator? in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. vol. 18, pp. 394-399, Kongres Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran UKM, 2010, Tanjung Keling, Melaka, Malaysia, 13/12/10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.057
Chuan TY, Rosly NB, Bin Zolkipli MZ, Wei NW, Basheer Ahamed MAB, Binti Mustapha NA et al. Problem-based learning: With or without facilitator? In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 18. 2011. p. 394-399 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.057
Chuan, Tham Yi ; Rosly, Nadiah Binti ; Bin Zolkipli, Mohd Zaid ; Wei, Ng Wei ; Basheer Ahamed, Mohd Azlan Bin ; Binti Mustapha, Nur Afney ; Salam, Abdus ; Zakaria, Zaiton. / Problem-based learning : With or without facilitator?. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 18 2011. pp. 394-399
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