Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among juvenile offenders in Malaysian prisons and association with socio-demographic and personal factors

S. A. Aida, H. H. Aili, K. S. Manveen, Wan Salwina Wan Ismail, K. P. Subash, C. G. Ng, A. Z.M. Muhsin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose - The number of juvenile offenders admitted to Malaysian prisons is alarming. The purpose of this paper is to determine the presence of any psychiatric disorders and their association with personal characteristics of juvenile detainees in prisons across Peninsular Malaysia. Design/methodology/ approach - Detainees were recruited from five different prisons in Peninsular Malaysia and interviewed by a psychiatrist using the MINI-Kid and FACES-IV, relevant personal and family information was also collected. Findings - A total of 105 detainees participated in the study. Almost all of the offenders (93.3 per cent) had at least one diagnosable psychiatric disorder and more than half (76.2 per cent) had two or more psychiatric diagnoses. Conduct disorder (CD) was the commonest disorder (59.0 per cent), while substance use disorders (SUD) was the commonest co-morbidity. A significant correlation was found between presence of CD, education level and SUD. Almost all (61/62, 98.4 per cent) of the detainees with CD, had not completed schooling (OR 8.03, 95 per cent CI 1.01-71.35), and detainees with this disorder were more likely to use substances than detainees without CD (OR 4.35, 95 per cent CI 1.90-9.99). Detainees with any psychiatric diagnosis were more likely to have four or more siblings in their families (OR 5.5, 95 per cent CI 1.1-26.9). Originality/value - There is a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders among juvenile offenders in Malaysian prisons, detection and intervention would be important.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17112967
Pages (from-to)132-143
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Prisoner Health
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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Conduct Disorder
Prisons
Psychiatry
Demography
Malaysia
Mental Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Siblings
Morbidity
Education

Keywords

  • Co-morbidity
  • Detainees
  • Juvenile
  • Malaysia
  • Offenders
  • Psychiatric disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among juvenile offenders in Malaysian prisons and association with socio-demographic and personal factors. / Aida, S. A.; Aili, H. H.; Manveen, K. S.; Wan Ismail, Wan Salwina; Subash, K. P.; Ng, C. G.; Muhsin, A. Z.M.

In: International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. 10, No. 2, 17112967, 01.01.2014, p. 132-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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