Prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake

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Abstract

Background: Decline in mental health and cognitive status starts to show its sign during middle-age and is affected by dietary factors, namely the polyphenols intake. Polyphenols have received attention in improving health issues related to aging, including decline in mental health and cognitive. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake. Methods: Subjects’ food intakes were calculated by using dietary history questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire for polyphenols. The subjects’ mental health and cognitive status were measured by general health questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and Rey’s auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT). Results: More than 40% of middle-aged adults were identified as having signs of poor mental health. A total of 67.9% of the subjects had poor cognitive status according to RAVLT immediate recall. Hierarchical binary logistic regression indicated that fat intake was associated with somatic symptoms for both men [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.04; P < 0.05] and women (AOR = 1.06; P < 0.05). Intake of lignan (AOR = 1.071; P < 0.05) was associated with better RAVLT immediate recall among women. Additionally, high cholesterol (AOR = 3.14; P < 0.05) was associated with poor score of RAVLT delayed recall for women. Conclusions: Early detection of poor mental health and cognitive is crucial to prevent Alzheimer’s disease in old age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-89
Number of pages18
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Polyphenols
Health Status
Verbal Learning
Mental Health
Odds Ratio
Short-Term Memory
Lignans
Health
Alzheimer Disease
Eating
Logistic Models
Fats
Cholesterol
Food
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Cognitive
  • Dietary factors
  • Mental health
  • Middle-aged adults
  • Polyphenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake",
abstract = "Background: Decline in mental health and cognitive status starts to show its sign during middle-age and is affected by dietary factors, namely the polyphenols intake. Polyphenols have received attention in improving health issues related to aging, including decline in mental health and cognitive. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake. Methods: Subjects’ food intakes were calculated by using dietary history questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire for polyphenols. The subjects’ mental health and cognitive status were measured by general health questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and Rey’s auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT). Results: More than 40{\%} of middle-aged adults were identified as having signs of poor mental health. A total of 67.9{\%} of the subjects had poor cognitive status according to RAVLT immediate recall. Hierarchical binary logistic regression indicated that fat intake was associated with somatic symptoms for both men [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.04; P < 0.05] and women (AOR = 1.06; P < 0.05). Intake of lignan (AOR = 1.071; P < 0.05) was associated with better RAVLT immediate recall among women. Additionally, high cholesterol (AOR = 3.14; P < 0.05) was associated with poor score of RAVLT delayed recall for women. Conclusions: Early detection of poor mental health and cognitive is crucial to prevent Alzheimer’s disease in old age.",
keywords = "Cognitive, Dietary factors, Mental health, Middle-aged adults, Polyphenols",
author = "Hanisah Rosli and Suzana Shahar and {Che Din}, Normah and Hasnah Haron and Rajab, {Nor Fadilah}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.21315/mjms2019.26.3.6",
language = "English",
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journal = "Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences",
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T1 - Prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake

AU - Rosli, Hanisah

AU - Shahar, Suzana

AU - Che Din, Normah

AU - Haron, Hasnah

AU - Rajab, Nor Fadilah

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: Decline in mental health and cognitive status starts to show its sign during middle-age and is affected by dietary factors, namely the polyphenols intake. Polyphenols have received attention in improving health issues related to aging, including decline in mental health and cognitive. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake. Methods: Subjects’ food intakes were calculated by using dietary history questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire for polyphenols. The subjects’ mental health and cognitive status were measured by general health questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and Rey’s auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT). Results: More than 40% of middle-aged adults were identified as having signs of poor mental health. A total of 67.9% of the subjects had poor cognitive status according to RAVLT immediate recall. Hierarchical binary logistic regression indicated that fat intake was associated with somatic symptoms for both men [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.04; P < 0.05] and women (AOR = 1.06; P < 0.05). Intake of lignan (AOR = 1.071; P < 0.05) was associated with better RAVLT immediate recall among women. Additionally, high cholesterol (AOR = 3.14; P < 0.05) was associated with poor score of RAVLT delayed recall for women. Conclusions: Early detection of poor mental health and cognitive is crucial to prevent Alzheimer’s disease in old age.

AB - Background: Decline in mental health and cognitive status starts to show its sign during middle-age and is affected by dietary factors, namely the polyphenols intake. Polyphenols have received attention in improving health issues related to aging, including decline in mental health and cognitive. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of poor mental health and cognitive status among middle-aged adults and its predictors in relation to polyphenols intake. Methods: Subjects’ food intakes were calculated by using dietary history questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire for polyphenols. The subjects’ mental health and cognitive status were measured by general health questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and Rey’s auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT). Results: More than 40% of middle-aged adults were identified as having signs of poor mental health. A total of 67.9% of the subjects had poor cognitive status according to RAVLT immediate recall. Hierarchical binary logistic regression indicated that fat intake was associated with somatic symptoms for both men [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.04; P < 0.05] and women (AOR = 1.06; P < 0.05). Intake of lignan (AOR = 1.071; P < 0.05) was associated with better RAVLT immediate recall among women. Additionally, high cholesterol (AOR = 3.14; P < 0.05) was associated with poor score of RAVLT delayed recall for women. Conclusions: Early detection of poor mental health and cognitive is crucial to prevent Alzheimer’s disease in old age.

KW - Cognitive

KW - Dietary factors

KW - Mental health

KW - Middle-aged adults

KW - Polyphenols

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