Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult malaysians: An update

Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud, Kamarul Imran Musa, Amir Sharifuddin Md Khir, Aziz Al Safi Ismail, Ikram Shah Ismail, Khalid Abdul Kadir, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Nor Azwany Yaacob, Norlaila Mustafa, Osman Ali, Siti Harnida Md Isa, Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 4428 adults (>18 years old) from 5 different selected regions in Peninsular and East Malaysia participated in this health survey. Using World Health Organization recommendations for body mass index (BMI), the prevalence of overweight and obesity were found to be 33.6% (95% CI= 32.2, 35.0) and 19.5% (95% CI= 18.3, 20.7) respectively. There were more females who were obese (22.5%, 95% CI=20.9, 24.0) compared to males (14.1%, 95% CI=12.3, 15.9). Highest prevalence of obesity were among the Indians (24.6%, 95% CI=20.3, 29.3), followed closely by the Malays (23.2%, 95% CI=21.6, 24.8%) and lowest prevalence was among the Chinese subjects (8.2%, 95% CI=6.2, 10.6). More than 43% of the 531 younger subjects (<30 years old) were either overweight (20%, 95% CI=16.6, 23.6) or obese (13.9%, 95% CI=11.1, 17.2%). All subjects who claimed to be non-diabetes were required to undergo 75 g glucose tolerance test. Compared to subjects with normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), there was a 3- and 2-folds increase in the prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance respectively, among obese subjects (BMI >30 kg/m2) who initially claimed to have no diabetes. This study highlights a need for more active, inter-sectoral participation advocating a health-promoting environment in order to combat obesity in this country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume20
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Obesity
Malaysia
Health Surveys
Body Mass Index
Health

Keywords

  • Malaysia
  • Obesity
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Overweight
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Mohamud, W. N. W., Musa, K. I., Khir, A. S. M., Ismail, A. A. S., Ismail, I. S., Kadir, K. A., ... Bebakar, W. M. W. (2011). Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult malaysians: An update. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 20(1), 35-41.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult malaysians : An update. / Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Khir, Amir Sharifuddin Md; Ismail, Aziz Al Safi; Ismail, Ikram Shah; Kadir, Khalid Abdul; Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi; Yaacob, Nor Azwany; Mustafa, Norlaila; Ali, Osman; Md Isa, Siti Harnida; Bebakar, Wan Mohamad Wan.

In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 20, No. 1, 03.2011, p. 35-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohamud, WNW, Musa, KI, Khir, ASM, Ismail, AAS, Ismail, IS, Kadir, KA, Kamaruddin, NA, Yaacob, NA, Mustafa, N, Ali, O, Md Isa, SH & Bebakar, WMW 2011, 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult malaysians: An update', Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 35-41.
Mohamud WNW, Musa KI, Khir ASM, Ismail AAS, Ismail IS, Kadir KA et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult malaysians: An update. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011 Mar;20(1):35-41.
Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan ; Musa, Kamarul Imran ; Khir, Amir Sharifuddin Md ; Ismail, Aziz Al Safi ; Ismail, Ikram Shah ; Kadir, Khalid Abdul ; Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi ; Yaacob, Nor Azwany ; Mustafa, Norlaila ; Ali, Osman ; Md Isa, Siti Harnida ; Bebakar, Wan Mohamad Wan. / Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult malaysians : An update. In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 35-41.
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