Prevalence of otitis media with effusion amongst pre-school children in Malaysia

A. Saim, L. Saim, S. Saim, Ruszymah Idrus, Abdullah Sani Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cross-sectional screening test was done to determine the prevalence of otitis media with effusion amongst preschool children in two district in Malaysia, namely Kuala Lumpur an urban district and Kuala Selangor a rural district. It involved 1097 preschool children aged between 5 and 6 years old. Presence of otitis media effusion (OME) is based on abnormal otoscopic finding, Type B tympanogram and absence of ipsilateral acoustical reflex. The overall prevalence rate of OME was 13.8%. The prevalence in Kuala Lumpur was 17.9%, while in Kuala Selangor it was 9.48%. Bottle feeding during infancy and high socioeconomic status of the parents was statistically associated with higher incidence of OME. Other factors such as race premature delivery, passive smoking allergy asthma and family size, had no influence on the prevalence of otitis media with effusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 1997

Fingerprint

Otitis Media with Effusion
Malaysia
Otitis Media
Preschool Children
Bottle Feeding
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Social Class
Reflex
Hypersensitivity
Asthma
Parents
Incidence

Keywords

  • Malaysia
  • Otitis media effusion
  • Preschool
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Prevalence of otitis media with effusion amongst pre-school children in Malaysia. / Saim, A.; Saim, L.; Saim, S.; Idrus, Ruszymah; Mohamed, Abdullah Sani.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 18.07.1997, p. 21-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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