Prevalence of NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance in aborigines and Malays in Malaysia and their relationship to sociodemographic, health, and nutritional factors

Osman Ali, T. T. Tan, O. Sakinah, B. A K Khalid, Loo Ling Wu, M. L. Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT in different ethnic groups living in the same physical environment and to find their relationship to nutritional status and dietary intake. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The study was conducted among Malays and Orang Asli in six rural and urban locations in Malaysia. OGTTs were performed on 706 adult subjects ≥8 yr of age. WHO criteria were used for diagnosing diabetes mellitus and IGT. RESULTS - The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT among Orang Asli was 0.3 and 4.4% compared with 4.7 and 11.3%, respectively, among Malays. This increased prevalence of glucose intolerance among Malays was associated with higher levels of social development. Among rural Malays, the crude prevalence of diabetes in a traditional village was 2.8% and in the land scheme was 6.7%, whereas urban Malays had a prevalence of 8.2%. In contrast, the prevalence of IGT (10.5-14.8%) was higher among rural Malays, compared with 9.6% among urban Malays. Ethnic group, ≥40 yr of age, an income >M$250, fewer daily activity, and obesity were associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes. CONCLUSIONS - Diabetes mellitus and IGT, which were more common among Malays than Orang Asli, were associated with more affluent life-styles and modernization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-75
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Glucose Intolerance
Malaysia
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Health
Diabetes Mellitus
Ethnic Groups
Glucose Tolerance Test
Social Change
Nutritional Status
Life Style
Research Design
Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Prevalence of NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance in aborigines and Malays in Malaysia and their relationship to sociodemographic, health, and nutritional factors. / Ali, Osman; Tan, T. T.; Sakinah, O.; Khalid, B. A K; Wu, Loo Ling; Ng, M. L.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.1993, p. 68-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ali, Osman ; Tan, T. T. ; Sakinah, O. ; Khalid, B. A K ; Wu, Loo Ling ; Ng, M. L. / Prevalence of NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance in aborigines and Malays in Malaysia and their relationship to sociodemographic, health, and nutritional factors. In: Diabetes Care. 1993 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 68-75.
@article{1c808f98e0784866a1c28b3b62910405,
title = "Prevalence of NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance in aborigines and Malays in Malaysia and their relationship to sociodemographic, health, and nutritional factors",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT in different ethnic groups living in the same physical environment and to find their relationship to nutritional status and dietary intake. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The study was conducted among Malays and Orang Asli in six rural and urban locations in Malaysia. OGTTs were performed on 706 adult subjects ≥8 yr of age. WHO criteria were used for diagnosing diabetes mellitus and IGT. RESULTS - The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT among Orang Asli was 0.3 and 4.4{\%} compared with 4.7 and 11.3{\%}, respectively, among Malays. This increased prevalence of glucose intolerance among Malays was associated with higher levels of social development. Among rural Malays, the crude prevalence of diabetes in a traditional village was 2.8{\%} and in the land scheme was 6.7{\%}, whereas urban Malays had a prevalence of 8.2{\%}. In contrast, the prevalence of IGT (10.5-14.8{\%}) was higher among rural Malays, compared with 9.6{\%} among urban Malays. Ethnic group, ≥40 yr of age, an income >M$250, fewer daily activity, and obesity were associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes. CONCLUSIONS - Diabetes mellitus and IGT, which were more common among Malays than Orang Asli, were associated with more affluent life-styles and modernization.",
author = "Osman Ali and Tan, {T. T.} and O. Sakinah and Khalid, {B. A K} and Wu, {Loo Ling} and Ng, {M. L.}",
year = "1993",
month = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "68--75",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance in aborigines and Malays in Malaysia and their relationship to sociodemographic, health, and nutritional factors

AU - Ali, Osman

AU - Tan, T. T.

AU - Sakinah, O.

AU - Khalid, B. A K

AU - Wu, Loo Ling

AU - Ng, M. L.

PY - 1993/1

Y1 - 1993/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT in different ethnic groups living in the same physical environment and to find their relationship to nutritional status and dietary intake. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The study was conducted among Malays and Orang Asli in six rural and urban locations in Malaysia. OGTTs were performed on 706 adult subjects ≥8 yr of age. WHO criteria were used for diagnosing diabetes mellitus and IGT. RESULTS - The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT among Orang Asli was 0.3 and 4.4% compared with 4.7 and 11.3%, respectively, among Malays. This increased prevalence of glucose intolerance among Malays was associated with higher levels of social development. Among rural Malays, the crude prevalence of diabetes in a traditional village was 2.8% and in the land scheme was 6.7%, whereas urban Malays had a prevalence of 8.2%. In contrast, the prevalence of IGT (10.5-14.8%) was higher among rural Malays, compared with 9.6% among urban Malays. Ethnic group, ≥40 yr of age, an income >M$250, fewer daily activity, and obesity were associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes. CONCLUSIONS - Diabetes mellitus and IGT, which were more common among Malays than Orang Asli, were associated with more affluent life-styles and modernization.

AB - OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT in different ethnic groups living in the same physical environment and to find their relationship to nutritional status and dietary intake. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The study was conducted among Malays and Orang Asli in six rural and urban locations in Malaysia. OGTTs were performed on 706 adult subjects ≥8 yr of age. WHO criteria were used for diagnosing diabetes mellitus and IGT. RESULTS - The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus and IGT among Orang Asli was 0.3 and 4.4% compared with 4.7 and 11.3%, respectively, among Malays. This increased prevalence of glucose intolerance among Malays was associated with higher levels of social development. Among rural Malays, the crude prevalence of diabetes in a traditional village was 2.8% and in the land scheme was 6.7%, whereas urban Malays had a prevalence of 8.2%. In contrast, the prevalence of IGT (10.5-14.8%) was higher among rural Malays, compared with 9.6% among urban Malays. Ethnic group, ≥40 yr of age, an income >M$250, fewer daily activity, and obesity were associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes. CONCLUSIONS - Diabetes mellitus and IGT, which were more common among Malays than Orang Asli, were associated with more affluent life-styles and modernization.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027454623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027454623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8422835

AN - SCOPUS:0027454623

VL - 16

SP - 68

EP - 75

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 1

ER -