Prevalence of malaria and its risk factors in Sabah, Malaysia

A. R. Ramdzan, A. Ismail, Z. S. Mohd Zanib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria in Sabah and its potential risk factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study analysed secondary data obtained from the health clinics in Sabah, Malaysia from January to August 2016. The Pearson Chi-square test was used to analyse the relationships between malaria infection and socio-demographic characteristics. Multivariable logistic regression was performed in order to determine the risk factors for malaria in Sabah. Results: Out of 1222 patients, 410 (33.6%) had a laboratory-confirmed malaria infection. Infection by Plasmodium knowlesi accounted for the majority of malaria reports in Sabah (n=340, 82.9%). Multivariable analysis indicated that males (prevalence odds ratio 0.023, 95% confidence interval 0.012-0.047) and those living in a rural area (prevalence odds ratio 0.004, 95% confidence interval 0.002-0.009) were at higher risk 24.0–95.9) and those living in a rural area (adjusted odds ratio 212.6, 95% confidence interval 105.8–427.2) were at higher risk of acquiring a malaria infection. Conclusions: Malaria infections in Sabah, Malaysia are common, with P. knowlesi being the most common malaria parasite. The infection was associated with several socio-demographic and geographical factors. Thus, mitigation measures should be considered to address modifiable risk factors for malaria infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-72
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Malaria
Infection
Plasmodium knowlesi
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Demography
Chi-Square Distribution
Parasites
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Health

Keywords

  • Malaria
  • Plasmodium knowlesi
  • Prevalence
  • Sabah

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Prevalence of malaria and its risk factors in Sabah, Malaysia. / Ramdzan, A. R.; Ismail, A.; Mohd Zanib, Z. S.

In: International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 91, 02.2020, p. 68-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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