Prevalence of gender disparities and predictors affecting the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Lai Kuan Lee, Suzana Shahar, Ai Vyrn Chin, Noor Aini Mohd Yusoff, Nor Fadilah Rajab, Safiyyah Abdul Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims were to investigate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) within gender disparities in Malaysian older adults, and to determine the predictors of MCI according to gender disparities. A community-based sample of urban, multiethnic dwelling elderly aged 60 years of age and above from Cheras, Kuala Lumpur was recruited. Prevalence of all-type MCI, amnestic-type MCI (am-MCI) and non-amnestic-type MCI (nam-MCI) was assessed using comprehensive neuropsychological batteries. The association between demography, socioeconomic status, lifestyle practices, and nutritional status and health risk factors with MCI were examined. Predictors of MCI occurrence between gender disparities were determined. The prevalence of all-type MCI, am-MCI and nam-MCI was 21.1%, 15.4% and 5.7%, respectively. Binary logistic regression indicated that hypercholesterolemia is the significant predictor for MCI in men after adjustment for age, ethnicity and total years of education. While, in women, MCI was best predicted by married status, without exercise practice, overweight and obesity. These results suggest that approximately one-fifth of the studied elderly people had MCI. Predictors for MCI are totally different between men and women. It is critical to identify those at higher risk for MCI in order to implement preventative measures to delay or reverse this abnormal condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-191
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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gender
demography
health risk
social status
ethnicity
logistics
regression
community
Cognitive Dysfunction
education
Hypercholesterolemia
Nutritional Status
Social Class
Life Style
Obesity
Logistic Models
Demography
Exercise
Education
Health

Keywords

  • Gender disparities
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Predictors of MCI
  • Prevalence of MCI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology

Cite this

Prevalence of gender disparities and predictors affecting the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). / Lee, Lai Kuan; Shahar, Suzana; Chin, Ai Vyrn; Mohd Yusoff, Noor Aini; Rajab, Nor Fadilah; Abdul Aziz, Safiyyah.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 185-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Lai Kuan ; Shahar, Suzana ; Chin, Ai Vyrn ; Mohd Yusoff, Noor Aini ; Rajab, Nor Fadilah ; Abdul Aziz, Safiyyah. / Prevalence of gender disparities and predictors affecting the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2012 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 185-191.
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