Prevalence of acne and its impact on the quality of life in school-aged adolescents in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of facial acne and its impact on the quality of life among adolescents attending secondary schools in Muar, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted where 409 samples were selected using stratified cluster random sampling from two secondary schools in Muar, involving Form 1 to Form 5 students. Students were diagnosed clinically and the severity of facial acne was assessed using Global Acne Grading System. A self-reported Cardiff Acne Disability Index was used to assess the quality of life among adolescents who had acne. Results: The prevalence of facial acne among the adolescents was 67.5% (n=276). Facial acne increased with increasing age (p=0.001). It was more common among males (71.1%) than females (64.6%), p=0.165. The males also had a higher prevalence of severe acne (p=0.001). The quality of life was affected by the severity of acne. Students with severe acne had higher levels of Cardiff Acne Disability Index (rho=0.521). Conclusions: Facial acne is a common disorder and appears to have a considerable impact on quality of life among adolescents. The above findings should alert health care professionals and the school authorities to actively identify, manage and educate adolescents with facial acne.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-25
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Primary Health Care
Volume1
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Acne Vulgaris
Quality of Life
Students
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cardiff Acne Disability Index
  • Facial acne
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Prevalence of acne and its impact on the quality of life in school-aged adolescents in Malaysia. / Hanisah, Arshad; Omar, Khairani; Shah, Shamsul Azhar.

In: Journal of Primary Health Care, Vol. 1, No. 1, 03.2009, p. 20-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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