Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia

Norlaila Mustafa, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Ab Aziz Ismail, Amir Sharifuddin Khir, Ikram Shah Ismail, Kamarul Imran Musa, Khalid Abdul Kadir, Nor Azwany Yaacob, Osman Ali, Siti Harnida, Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar, Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE-To determine the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes among rural and urban Malaysians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3,879 Malaysian adults (1,335 men and 2,544 women). All subjects underwent the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESULTS-The overall prevalence of prediabetes was 22.1% (30.2% in men and 69.8% in women). Isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were found in 3.4 and 16.1% of the study population, respectively, whereas 2.6% of the subjects had both IFG and IGT. Based on an OGTT, the prevalence of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 12.6% (31.0% in men and 69.0% in women). The prediabetic subjects also had an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS-The large proportion of undiagnosed cases of prediabetes and diabetes reflects the lack of public awareness of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1364
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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Malaysia
Prediabetic State
Glucose Intolerance
Glucose Tolerance Test
Fasting
Glucose
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Research Design
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
glucose tolerance factor
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Cite this

Mustafa, N., Kamaruddin, N. A., Ismail, A. A., Khir, A. S., Ismail, I. S., Musa, K. I., ... Wan Mohamud, W. N. (2011). Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia. Diabetes Care, 34(6), 1362-1364. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-0005

Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia. / Mustafa, Norlaila; Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi; Ismail, Ab Aziz; Khir, Amir Sharifuddin; Ismail, Ikram Shah; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Kadir, Khalid Abdul; Yaacob, Nor Azwany; Ali, Osman; Harnida, Siti; Wan Bebakar, Wan Mohamad; Wan Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 34, No. 6, 06.2011, p. 1362-1364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mustafa, N, Kamaruddin, NA, Ismail, AA, Khir, AS, Ismail, IS, Musa, KI, Kadir, KA, Yaacob, NA, Ali, O, Harnida, S, Wan Bebakar, WM & Wan Mohamud, WN 2011, 'Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia', Diabetes Care, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1362-1364. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-0005
Mustafa, Norlaila ; Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi ; Ismail, Ab Aziz ; Khir, Amir Sharifuddin ; Ismail, Ikram Shah ; Musa, Kamarul Imran ; Kadir, Khalid Abdul ; Yaacob, Nor Azwany ; Ali, Osman ; Harnida, Siti ; Wan Bebakar, Wan Mohamad ; Wan Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon. / Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia. In: Diabetes Care. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 6. pp. 1362-1364.
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